0001799332 false Q3 --12-31 2 4 3 5 2 3 1 3 2 1 1 2 5 0001799332 2021-01-01 2021-09-30 0001799332 2021-10-31 0001799332 2021-09-30 0001799332 2020-12-31 0001799332 2021-07-01 2021-09-30 0001799332 2020-07-01 2020-09-30 0001799332 2020-01-01 2020-09-30 0001799332 us-gaap:CommonStockMember 2020-12-31 0001799332 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember 2020-12-31 0001799332 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember 2020-12-31 0001799332 us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember 2020-12-31 0001799332 us-gaap:CommonStockMember 2021-01-01 2021-03-31 0001799332 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember 2021-01-01 2021-03-31 0001799332 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember 2021-01-01 2021-03-31 0001799332 us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember 2021-01-01 2021-03-31 0001799332 2021-01-01 2021-03-31 0001799332 us-gaap:CommonStockMember 2021-03-31 0001799332 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember 2021-03-31 0001799332 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember 2021-03-31 0001799332 us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember 2021-03-31 0001799332 2021-03-31 0001799332 us-gaap:CommonStockMember 2021-04-01 2021-06-30 0001799332 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember 2021-04-01 2021-06-30 0001799332 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember 2021-04-01 2021-06-30 0001799332 us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember 2021-04-01 2021-06-30 0001799332 2021-04-01 2021-06-30 0001799332 us-gaap:CommonStockMember 2021-06-30 0001799332 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember 2021-06-30 0001799332 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember 2021-06-30 0001799332 us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember 2021-06-30 0001799332 2021-06-30 0001799332 us-gaap:CommonStockMember 2021-07-01 2021-09-30 0001799332 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember 2021-07-01 2021-09-30 0001799332 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember 2021-07-01 2021-09-30 0001799332 us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember 2021-07-01 2021-09-30 0001799332 us-gaap:CommonStockMember 2021-09-30 0001799332 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember 2021-09-30 0001799332 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember 2021-09-30 0001799332 us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember 2021-09-30 0001799332 us-gaap:CommonStockMember 2019-12-31 0001799332 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember 2019-12-31 0001799332 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember 2019-12-31 0001799332 us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember 2019-12-31 0001799332 2019-12-31 0001799332 us-gaap:CommonStockMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0001799332 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0001799332 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0001799332 us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0001799332 2020-01-01 2020-03-31 0001799332 us-gaap:CommonStockMember 2020-03-31 0001799332 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember 2020-03-31 0001799332 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember 2020-03-31 0001799332 us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember 2020-03-31 0001799332 2020-03-31 0001799332 us-gaap:CommonStockMember 2020-04-01 2020-06-30 0001799332 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember 2020-04-01 2020-06-30 0001799332 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember 2020-04-01 2020-06-30 0001799332 us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember 2020-04-01 2020-06-30 0001799332 2020-04-01 2020-06-30 0001799332 us-gaap:CommonStockMember 2020-06-30 0001799332 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember 2020-06-30 0001799332 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember 2020-06-30 0001799332 us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember 2020-06-30 0001799332 2020-06-30 0001799332 us-gaap:CommonStockMember 2020-07-01 2020-09-30 0001799332 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember 2020-07-01 2020-09-30 0001799332 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember 2020-07-01 2020-09-30 0001799332 us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember 2020-07-01 2020-09-30 0001799332 us-gaap:CommonStockMember 2020-09-30 0001799332 us-gaap:AdditionalPaidInCapitalMember 2020-09-30 0001799332 us-gaap:RetainedEarningsMember 2020-09-30 0001799332 us-gaap:AccumulatedOtherComprehensiveIncomeMember 2020-09-30 0001799332 2020-09-30 0001799332 2020-05-05 0001799332 srt:MinimumMember 2021-01-01 2021-09-30 0001799332 srt:MaximumMember 2021-01-01 2021-09-30 0001799332 us-gaap:SoftwareAndSoftwareDevelopmentCostsMember 2021-01-01 2021-09-30 0001799332 GAN:VincentGroupPLCMember 2021-01-01 2021-01-02 0001799332 GAN:VincentGroupPLCMember us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember 2021-01-01 2021-01-02 0001799332 2021-01-01 2021-01-02 0001799332 GAN:VincentGroupPLCMember 2021-01-02 0001799332 GAN:DevelopedTechnologyMember 2021-01-01 2021-01-02 0001799332 GAN:DevelopedTechnologyMember 2021-01-02 0001799332 GAN:InProcessTechnologyMember 2021-01-02 0001799332 us-gaap:CustomerRelationshipsMember 2021-01-01 2021-01-02 0001799332 us-gaap:CustomerRelationshipsMember 2021-01-02 0001799332 us-gaap:TrademarksAndTradeNamesMember 2021-01-01 2021-01-02 0001799332 us-gaap:TrademarksAndTradeNamesMember 2021-01-02 0001799332 GAN:GamingLicensesMember 2021-01-02 0001799332 GAN:VincentGroupPLCMember 2021-07-01 2021-09-30 0001799332 GAN:VincentGroupPLCMember GAN:DevelopedTechnologyMember 2021-07-01 2021-09-30 0001799332 GAN:VincentGroupPLCMember GAN:InProcessTechnologyMember 2021-07-01 2021-09-30 0001799332 GAN:VincentGroupPLCMember us-gaap:CustomerRelationshipsMember 2021-07-01 2021-09-30 0001799332 2021-01-02 0001799332 GAN:VincentGroupPLCMember 2021-09-30 0001799332 GAN:VincentGroupPLCMember 2021-01-01 2021-09-30 0001799332 GAN:BusinessToBusinessB2BMember 2020-12-31 0001799332 GAN:BusinessToConsumerSegmentB2CMember 2020-12-31 0001799332 GAN:BusinessToBusinessB2BMember 2021-01-01 2021-09-30 0001799332 GAN:BusinessToConsumerSegmentB2CMember 2021-01-01 2021-09-30 0001799332 GAN:BusinessToBusinessB2BMember 2021-09-30 0001799332 GAN:BusinessToConsumerSegmentB2CMember 2021-09-30 0001799332 us-gaap:DevelopedTechnologyRightsMember 2021-01-01 2021-09-30 0001799332 us-gaap:DevelopedTechnologyRightsMember 2021-09-30 0001799332 GAN:InProcessTechnologyMember 2021-09-30 0001799332 us-gaap:CustomerRelationshipsMember 2021-01-01 2021-09-30 0001799332 us-gaap:CustomerRelationshipsMember 2021-09-30 0001799332 us-gaap:TrademarksAndTradeNamesMember 2021-01-01 2021-09-30 0001799332 us-gaap:TrademarksAndTradeNamesMember 2021-09-30 0001799332 us-gaap:LicenseMember 2021-01-01 2021-09-30 0001799332 us-gaap:LicenseMember 2021-09-30 0001799332 us-gaap:TrademarksAndTradeNamesMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001799332 us-gaap:TrademarksAndTradeNamesMember 2020-12-31 0001799332 us-gaap:LicenseMember 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001799332 us-gaap:LicenseMember 2020-12-31 0001799332 GAN:TwoThousandTwentyEquityIncentivePlanMember 2020-04-30 0001799332 GAN:TwoThousandTwentyEquityIncentivePlanMember 2021-01-20 0001799332 GAN:TwoThousandTwentyEquityIncentivePlanMember 2021-09-30 0001799332 us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMember us-gaap:ShareBasedCompensationAwardTrancheOneMember 2021-01-01 2021-09-30 0001799332 us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMember 2021-01-01 2021-09-30 0001799332 srt:MinimumMember us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMember GAN:VincentGroupPLCMember 2021-01-01 2021-09-30 0001799332 srt:MaximumMember us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMember GAN:VincentGroupPLCMember 2021-01-01 2021-09-30 0001799332 2020-01-01 2020-12-31 0001799332 us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMember 2021-07-01 2021-09-30 0001799332 us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMember 2020-07-01 2020-09-30 0001799332 us-gaap:EmployeeStockOptionMember 2020-01-01 2020-09-30 0001799332 us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMember 2021-03-01 2021-03-09 0001799332 us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMember GAN:ShareBasedPaymentArrangementTrancheFiveMember 2021-03-01 2021-03-09 0001799332 us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMember 2021-01-01 2021-09-30 0001799332 us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMember 2021-09-30 0001799332 us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMember 2021-07-01 2021-09-30 0001799332 us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMember 2020-12-31 0001799332 us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember 2020-06-01 2020-06-30 0001799332 us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember 2021-07-01 2021-09-30 0001799332 us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember 2020-07-01 2020-09-30 0001799332 us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember 2021-01-01 2021-09-30 0001799332 us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember 2020-01-01 2020-09-30 0001799332 GAN:TwoThousandTwentyEmployeeStockPurchasePlanMember 2021-01-01 2021-09-30 0001799332 GAN:TwoThousandTwentyEmployeeStockPurchasePlanMember 2021-09-30 0001799332 GAN:StockOptionsMember 2021-07-01 2021-09-30 0001799332 GAN:StockOptionsMember 2020-07-01 2020-09-30 0001799332 GAN:StockOptionsMember 2021-01-01 2021-09-30 0001799332 GAN:StockOptionsMember 2020-01-01 2020-09-30 0001799332 us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember 2021-07-01 2021-09-30 0001799332 us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember 2020-07-01 2020-09-30 0001799332 us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember 2021-01-01 2021-09-30 0001799332 us-gaap:RestrictedStockMember 2020-01-01 2020-09-30 0001799332 us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMember 2021-07-01 2021-09-30 0001799332 us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMember 2020-07-01 2020-09-30 0001799332 us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMember 2021-01-01 2021-09-30 0001799332 us-gaap:RestrictedStockUnitsRSUMember 2020-01-01 2020-09-30 0001799332 us-gaap:TransferredAtPointInTimeMember 2021-07-01 2021-09-30 0001799332 us-gaap:TransferredAtPointInTimeMember 2020-07-01 2020-09-30 0001799332 us-gaap:TransferredAtPointInTimeMember 2021-01-01 2021-09-30 0001799332 us-gaap:TransferredAtPointInTimeMember 2020-01-01 2020-09-30 0001799332 us-gaap:TransferredOverTimeMember 2021-07-01 2021-09-30 0001799332 us-gaap:TransferredOverTimeMember 2020-07-01 2020-09-30 0001799332 us-gaap:TransferredOverTimeMember 2021-01-01 2021-09-30 0001799332 us-gaap:TransferredOverTimeMember 2020-01-01 2020-09-30 0001799332 GAN:GamingRevenueMember us-gaap:TransferredAtPointInTimeMember 2021-07-01 2021-09-30 0001799332 GAN:DevelopmentServicesAndOtherMember us-gaap:TransferredAtPointInTimeMember 2021-07-01 2021-09-30 0001799332 GAN:GamingRevenueMember us-gaap:TransferredAtPointInTimeMember 2021-01-01 2021-09-30 0001799332 GAN:DevelopmentServicesAndOtherMember us-gaap:TransferredAtPointInTimeMember 2021-01-01 2021-09-30 0001799332 GAN:CustomerOneMember us-gaap:RevenueFromContractWithCustomerMember us-gaap:CustomerConcentrationRiskMember GAN:BusinessToBusinessB2BMember 2021-07-01 2021-09-30 0001799332 GAN:CustomerOneMember us-gaap:RevenueFromContractWithCustomerMember us-gaap:CustomerConcentrationRiskMember GAN:BusinessToBusinessB2BMember 2020-07-01 2020-09-30 0001799332 us-gaap:RevenueFromContractWithCustomerMember us-gaap:CustomerConcentrationRiskMember GAN:BusinessToBusinessB2BMember 2021-07-01 2021-09-30 0001799332 us-gaap:RevenueFromContractWithCustomerMember us-gaap:CustomerConcentrationRiskMember GAN:BusinessToBusinessB2BMember 2020-07-01 2020-09-30 0001799332 GAN:CustomerOneMember us-gaap:RevenueFromContractWithCustomerMember us-gaap:CustomerConcentrationRiskMember GAN:BusinessToBusinessB2BMember 2021-01-01 2021-09-30 0001799332 GAN:CustomerOneMember us-gaap:RevenueFromContractWithCustomerMember us-gaap:CustomerConcentrationRiskMember GAN:BusinessToBusinessB2BMember 2020-01-01 2020-09-30 0001799332 us-gaap:RevenueFromContractWithCustomerMember us-gaap:CustomerConcentrationRiskMember GAN:BusinessToBusinessB2BMember 2021-01-01 2021-09-30 0001799332 us-gaap:RevenueFromContractWithCustomerMember us-gaap:CustomerConcentrationRiskMember GAN:BusinessToBusinessB2BMember 2020-01-01 2020-09-30 0001799332 2019-01-01 2019-12-31 0001799332 GAN:BusinessToBusinessB2BMember 2021-07-01 2021-09-30 0001799332 GAN:BusinessToConsumerSegmentB2CMember 2021-07-01 2021-09-30 0001799332 GAN:BusinessToBusinessB2BMember 2020-07-01 2020-09-30 0001799332 GAN:BusinessToConsumerSegmentB2CMember 2020-07-01 2020-09-30 0001799332 GAN:BusinessToBusinessB2BMember 2020-01-01 2020-09-30 0001799332 GAN:BusinessToConsumerSegmentB2CMember 2020-01-01 2020-09-30 0001799332 GAN:PlatformAndContentFeesMember GAN:BusinessToBusinessB2BMember 2021-07-01 2021-09-30 0001799332 GAN:PlatformAndContentFeesMember GAN:BusinessToBusinessB2BMember 2020-07-01 2020-09-30 0001799332 GAN:PlatformAndContentFeesMember GAN:BusinessToBusinessB2BMember 2021-01-01 2021-09-30 0001799332 GAN:PlatformAndContentFeesMember GAN:BusinessToBusinessB2BMember 2020-01-01 2020-09-30 0001799332 GAN:DevelopmentServicesAndOtherMember GAN:BusinessToBusinessB2BMember 2021-07-01 2021-09-30 0001799332 GAN:DevelopmentServicesAndOtherMember GAN:BusinessToBusinessB2BMember 2020-07-01 2020-09-30 0001799332 GAN:DevelopmentServicesAndOtherMember GAN:BusinessToBusinessB2BMember 2021-01-01 2021-09-30 0001799332 GAN:DevelopmentServicesAndOtherMember GAN:BusinessToBusinessB2BMember 2020-01-01 2020-09-30 0001799332 GAN:SportsMember GAN:BusinessToConsumerSegmentB2CMember 2021-07-01 2021-09-30 0001799332 GAN:SportsMember GAN:BusinessToConsumerSegmentB2CMember 2020-07-01 2020-09-30 0001799332 GAN:SportsMember GAN:BusinessToConsumerSegmentB2CMember 2021-01-01 2021-09-30 0001799332 GAN:SportsMember GAN:BusinessToConsumerSegmentB2CMember 2020-01-01 2020-09-30 0001799332 us-gaap:CasinoMember GAN:BusinessToConsumerSegmentB2CMember 2021-07-01 2021-09-30 0001799332 us-gaap:CasinoMember GAN:BusinessToConsumerSegmentB2CMember 2020-07-01 2020-09-30 0001799332 us-gaap:CasinoMember GAN:BusinessToConsumerSegmentB2CMember 2021-01-01 2021-09-30 0001799332 us-gaap:CasinoMember GAN:BusinessToConsumerSegmentB2CMember 2020-01-01 2020-09-30 0001799332 GAN:PokerMember GAN:BusinessToConsumerSegmentB2CMember 2021-07-01 2021-09-30 0001799332 GAN:PokerMember GAN:BusinessToConsumerSegmentB2CMember 2020-07-01 2020-09-30 0001799332 GAN:PokerMember GAN:BusinessToConsumerSegmentB2CMember 2021-01-01 2021-09-30 0001799332 GAN:PokerMember GAN:BusinessToConsumerSegmentB2CMember 2020-01-01 2020-09-30 0001799332 GAN:CustomerMember 2021-01-01 2021-09-30 0001799332 country:US 2021-07-01 2021-09-30 0001799332 country:US 2020-07-01 2020-09-30 0001799332 country:US 2021-01-01 2021-09-30 0001799332 country:US 2020-01-01 2020-09-30 0001799332 srt:EuropeMember 2021-07-01 2021-09-30 0001799332 srt:EuropeMember 2020-07-01 2020-09-30 0001799332 srt:EuropeMember 2021-01-01 2021-09-30 0001799332 srt:EuropeMember 2020-01-01 2020-09-30 0001799332 srt:LatinAmericaMember 2021-07-01 2021-09-30 0001799332 srt:LatinAmericaMember 2020-07-01 2020-09-30 0001799332 srt:LatinAmericaMember 2021-01-01 2021-09-30 0001799332 srt:LatinAmericaMember 2020-01-01 2020-09-30 0001799332 GAN:RestOfTheWorldMember 2021-07-01 2021-09-30 0001799332 GAN:RestOfTheWorldMember 2020-07-01 2020-09-30 0001799332 GAN:RestOfTheWorldMember 2021-01-01 2021-09-30 0001799332 GAN:RestOfTheWorldMember 2020-01-01 2020-09-30 0001799332 country:BM 2021-07-01 2021-09-30 0001799332 country:BM 2020-07-01 2020-09-30 0001799332 country:BM 2021-01-01 2021-09-30 0001799332 country:BM 2020-01-01 2020-09-30 0001799332 GAN:OtherTaxLocalitiesMember 2021-07-01 2021-09-30 0001799332 GAN:OtherTaxLocalitiesMember 2020-07-01 2020-09-30 0001799332 GAN:OtherTaxLocalitiesMember 2021-01-01 2021-09-30 0001799332 GAN:OtherTaxLocalitiesMember 2020-01-01 2020-09-30 0001799332 country:BM us-gaap:ForeignCountryMember 2021-07-01 2021-09-30 0001799332 country:BM us-gaap:ForeignCountryMember 2021-01-01 2021-09-30 0001799332 srt:ChiefExecutiveOfficerMember 2020-05-01 2020-05-31 0001799332 srt:ChiefExecutiveOfficerMember 2020-05-31 0001799332 us-gaap:LicensingAgreementsMember 2021-04-01 2021-06-30 0001799332 us-gaap:LicensingAgreementsMember GAN:ExecutionMember 2021-04-01 2021-06-30 0001799332 GAN:ServiceFeesMember 2021-09-30 iso4217:USD xbrli:shares iso4217:USD xbrli:shares xbrli:pure GAN:Integer iso4217:GBP

 

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

FORM 10-Q

 

(Mark One)

 

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2021

or

 

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the transition period from          to         

Commission File No. 001-39274

 

GAN Limited

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Bermuda   Not Applicable
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)   (I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
     
400 Spectrum Center Drive, Suite 1900, Irvine, California   92618
(Address of principal executive offices)   (Zip Code)

 

(702) 964-5777

(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

 

Not applicable

(Former name, former address and former fiscal year, if changed since last report)

 

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of each class   Trading Symbol(s)   Name of each exchange on which registered
Ordinary shares, par value $0.01   GAN   The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes ☒ No ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes ☒ No ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer   Accelerated filer
Non-accelerated filer   Smaller reporting company
      Emerging growth company

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes ☐ No ☒

 

At October 31, 2021, there were 42,192,377 ordinary shares outstanding.

 

 

 

 
 

 

GAN LIMITED

FORM 10-Q

INDEX

 

    Page
  PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION  
Item 1. Financial Statements (Unaudited)  
  Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets as of September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020 3
  Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020 4
  Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Loss for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020 5
  Condensed Consolidated Statements of Changes in Stockholders’ Equity for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020 6
  Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020 7
  Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements 8
Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations 29
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk 43
Item 4. Controls and Procedures 43
  PART II - OTHER INFORMATION  
Item 1. Legal Proceedings 43
Item 1A. Risk Factors 43
Item 6. Exhibits 44
  SIGNATURES 45

 

2
 

 

PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

Item 1. Financial Statements

 

GAN LIMITED

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS (UNAUDITED)

(in thousands, except share and per share amounts)

 

    September 30,
2021
   

December 31,

2020

 
ASSETS                
Current assets                
Cash   $ 50,305     $ 152,654  
Accounts receivable, net of allowance for doubtful accounts of $89 and $100 at September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively     7,166       6,818  
Prepaid expenses     2,411       1,912  
Other current assets     2,380       2,112  
Total current assets     62,262       163,496  
                 
Capitalized software development costs, net     14,212       6,648  
Goodwill     149,015        
Intangible assets, net     39,521       468  
Other assets     13,016       2,634  
Total assets   $ 278,026     $ 173,246  
                 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY                
Current liabilities                
Accounts payable   $ 4,647     $ 4,926  
Accrued compensation and benefits     9,660       4,956  
Accrued expenses     6,948       3,363  
Liabilities to users     7,863        
Other current liabilities     4,050       4,067  
Total current liabilities     33,168       17,312  
                 
Deferred income taxes     2,173        
Other liabilities     648       370  
Total liabilities     35,989       17,682  
                 
Stockholders’ equity                
Ordinary shares, $0.01 par value, 100,000,000 shares authorized, 42,182,774 and 36,635,362 shares issued and outstanding at September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively     422       365  
Additional paid-in capital     317,367       203,842  
Accumulated deficit     (60,880 )     (45,766 )
Accumulated other comprehensive loss     (14,872 )     (2,877 )
Total stockholders’ equity     242,037       155,564  
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity   $ 278,026     $ 173,246  

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

3
 

 

GAN LIMITED

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS (UNAUDITED)

(in thousands, except share and per share amounts)

 

                         
    Three Months Ended
September 30,
    Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
    2021     2020     2021     2020  
                         
Revenue   $ 32,261     $ 10,266     $ 94,731     $ 26,259  
                                 
Operating costs and expenses                                
Cost of revenue (1)     10,801       3,083       29,876       6,898  
Sales and marketing     5,657       1,277       15,238       3,782  
Product and technology     4,634       1,896       13,539       8,093  
General and administrative (1)     12,895       6,120       35,232       16,297  
Depreciation and amortization     4,646       804       12,758       2,373  
Total operating costs and expenses     38,633       13,180       106,643       37,443  
Operating loss     (6,372 )     (2,914 )     (11,912 )     (11,184 )
Interest expense, net           2       1       392  
Loss before income taxes     (6,372 )     (2,916 )     (11,913 )     (11,576 )
Income tax expense (benefit)     1,548       (3 )     3,201       312  
Net loss   $ (7,920 )   $ (2,913 )   $ (15,114 )   $ (11,888 )
                                 
Loss per share, basic and diluted   $ (0.19 )   $ (0.10 )   $ (0.36 )   $ (0.46 )
                                 
Weighted average ordinary shares outstanding, basic and diluted     42,061,396       29,571,905       41,962,535       25,782,776  

 

(1) Excludes depreciation and amortization

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

4
 

 

GAN LIMITED

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE LOSS (UNAUDITED)

(in thousands)

 

                                 
    Three Months Ended
September 30,
    Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
    2021     2020     2021     2020  
                         
Net loss   $ (7,920 )   $ (2,913 )   $ (15,114 )   $ (11,888 )
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax                                
Foreign currency translation adjustments     (4,951 )     551       (11,995 )     (728 )
Comprehensive loss   $ (12,871 )   $ (2,362 )   $ (27,109 )   $ (12,616 )

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.‌

 

5
 

 

GAN LIMITED

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY (UNAUDITED)

(in thousands, except share amounts)

 

                                     
    Ordinary Shares     Additional Paid-in     Accumulated     Accumulated Other Comprehensive     Total Stockholders’  
    Shares     Amount     Capital     Deficit     Loss     Equity  
                                     
Balance at January 1, 2021     36,635,362     $ 365     $ 203,842     $ (45,766 )   $ (2,877 )   $ 155,564  
Net loss                       (4,464 )           (4,464 )
Foreign currency translation adjustments                             (9,481 )     (9,481 )
Share-based compensation                 1,632                   1,632  
Issuance of ordinary shares upon exercise of stock options     108,222       1       314                   315  
Issuance of ordinary shares as partial consideration in Coolbet acquisition (Note 4)     5,260,516       53       106,630                   106,683  
Fair value of replacement equity awards issued as consideration in Coolbet acquisition (Note 4)                 297                   297  
Balance at March 31, 2021     42,004,100     $ 419     $ 312,715     $ (50,230 )   $ (12,358 )   $ 250,546  
Net loss                       (2,730 )           (2,730 )
Foreign currency translation adjustments                             2,437       2,437  
Share-based compensation                 2,319                   2,319  
Restricted stock activity     5,178       1       (1 )                  
Issuance of ordinary shares upon exercise of stock options     6,396             22                   22  
Balance at June 30, 2021     42,015,674     $ 420     $ 315,055     $ (52,960 )   $ (9,921 )   $ 252,594  
Net loss                       (7,920 )           (7,920 )
Foreign currency translation adjustments                             (4,951 )     (4,951 )
Share-based compensation                 1,823                   1,823  
Restricted stock activity     2,590                                
Issuance of ordinary shares upon exercise of stock options     164,510       2       489                   491  
Balance at September 30, 2021     42,182,774     $ 422     $ 317,367     $ (60,880 )   $ (14,872 )   $ 242,037  

 

    Ordinary Shares     Additional Paid-in     Accumulated     Accumulated Other Comprehensive     Total Stockholders’  
    Shares     Amount     Capital     Deficit     Loss     Equity  
                                     
Balance at January 1, 2020     21,486,059     $ 215     $ 40,862     $ (23,024 )   $ (2,908 )   $ 15,145  
Net income                       694             694  
Foreign currency translation adjustments                             (1,320 )     (1,320 )
Share-based compensation                 295                   295  
Issuance of ordinary shares upon exercise of stock options     64,908       1       86                   87  
Balance at March 31, 2020     21,550,967     $ 216     $ 41,243     $ (22,330 )   $ (4,228 )   $ 14,901  
Net loss                       (9,669 )           (9,669 )
Foreign currency translation adjustments                             41       41  
Share-based compensation                 4,225                   4,225  
Issuance of restricted stock awards     93,680                                
Proceeds from issuance of shares in initial public offering, net of issuance costs of $7,075     7,337,000       73       55,216                   55,289  
Cash consideration paid to GAN plc shareholders                       (2,525 )           (2,525 )
Issuance of ordinary shares upon exercise of stock options     678,613       6       2,104                   2,110  
Balance at June 30, 2020     29,660,260     $ 295     $ 102,788     $ (34,524 )   $ (4,187 )   $ 64,372  
Net loss                       (2,913 )           (2,913 )
Foreign currency translation adjustments                             551       551  
Share-based compensation                 1,079                   1,079  
Issuance of ordinary shares upon exercise of stock options     10,750             27                   27  
Balance at September 30, 2020     29,671,010     $ 295     $ 103,894     $ (37,437 )   $ (3,636 )   $ 63,116  

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.‌

 

6
 

 

GAN LIMITED

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (UNAUDITED)

(in thousands)

 

                 
   

Nine Months Ended

September 30,

 
    2021     2020  
Cash Flows from Operating Activities                
Net loss   $ (15,114 )   $ (11,888 )
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash provided by (used in) operating activities:                
Amortization of software and intangible assets     11,960       2,135  
Depreciation on property and equipment and finance lease right-of-use assets     798       218  
Share-based compensation expense     5,774       5,599  
Other     432       9  
Changes in operating assets and liabilities, net of acquisition:                
Accounts receivable     (258 )     (2,154 )
Prepaid expenses     272       (1,503 )
Other current assets     226       (1,527 )
Other assets     (9,123 )     1,063  
Accounts payable     (1,255 )     2,223  
Accrued compensation and benefits     3,370       1,958  
Accrued expenses     3,906       421  
Liabilities to users     2,847        
Other current liabilities     (614 )     (275 )
Other liabilities     139       (114 )
Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities     3,360       (3,835 )
                 
Cash Flows from Investing Activities                
Cash paid for acquisition, net of cash acquired     (92,454 )      
Expenditures for capitalized software development costs     (10,493 )     (2,811 )
Purchases of gaming licenses     (215 )     (110 )
Purchases of property and equipment     (1,478 )     (763 )
Net cash used in investing activities     (104,640 )     (3,684 )
                 
Cash Flows from Financing Activities                
Proceeds received from issuance of ordinary shares in initial public offering, net           57,445  
Payments of offering costs     (604 )     (1,678 )
Proceeds from exercise of stock options     828       2,224  
Cash consideration paid to GAN plc shareholders           (2,525 )
Principal payments on finance leases     (83 )     (137 )
Net cash provided by financing activities     141       55,329  
                 
Effect of foreign exchange rates on cash     (1,210 )     (489 )
                 
Net increase (decrease) in cash     (102,349 )     47,321  
Cash, beginning of period     152,654       10,279  
Cash, end of period   $ 50,305     $ 57,600  
                 
Supplemental Disclosure of Noncash Investing and Financing Activities:                
Ordinary shares issued as partial consideration to acquire all the outstanding shares of Coolbet (Note 4)   $ 106,683     $  
Issuance of unvested stock options in exchange for unvested stock options of Coolbet (Note 4)     297        
Right-of-use asset obtained in exchange for new operating lease liabilities     252        

 

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.‌

 

7
 

 

GAN LIMITED

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

(in thousands, except share and per share amounts)

 

NOTE 1 — NATURE OF OPERATIONS

 

GAN Limited (the “Parent,” and with its subsidiaries, collectively the “Company”) is an exempted company limited by shares, incorporated and registered in Bermuda. GAN plc, the previous parent, began its operations in the United Kingdom (“U.K.”) in 2002 and listed its ordinary shares on the AIM, the London Stock Exchange’s market for smaller companies, in 2013. In May 2020, pursuant to a statutory Scheme of Arrangement under Part 26 of U.K. Companies Act of 2006 (“Scheme of Arrangement”) approved by the shareholders of GAN plc, the shareholders of GAN plc exchanged their shares in GAN plc for shares in the Parent, thereby migrating the Company’s jurisdiction of organization from the U.K. to Bermuda. Thereafter, GAN Limited became the parent company of GAN plc. GAN plc was renamed GAN (UK) Limited (“GAN UK”).

 

On January 1, 2021, the Company acquired all of the outstanding shares of Vincent Group p.l.c. (“Vincent Group”), a Malta public limited company doing business as “Coolbet” (Note 4). Coolbet is a developer and operator of an online sports betting and casino platform that is accessible through its website in nine national markets across Northern Europe (Estonia, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden), Latin America (Chile, Ecuador, and Peru) and North America (Canada).

 

The Company is a business-to-business (“B2B”) supplier of internet gambling Software-as-a-Service (“SaaS”) solutions predominately to the U.S. land-based casino industry. For its B2B customers, the Company has developed a proprietary internet gambling enterprise software system, GameSTACK™ (“GameSTACK”), which it licenses to land-based casino operators as a turnkey technology solution for regulated real money internet gambling (“real money iGaming” or “RMiG”), internet sports gaming, and virtual simulated gaming (“SIM”). The Company is also a business-to-consumer (“B2C”) developer and operator of an online sports betting and casino platform, providing international users with access to its sportsbook, casino games and poker products. The Company operates in two operating segments – B2B and B2C.

 

NOTE 2 — BASIS OF PRESENTATION

 

Basis of Presentation

 

The condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“U.S. GAAP”) and the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission for interim reporting. The unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared on the same basis as the annual consolidated financial statements and reflect all adjustments, in the opinion of management, of a normal recurring nature that are necessary for a fair presentation of the financial position, results of operations and cash flows for the periods presented. The financial data and other financial information disclosed in these notes to the condensed consolidated financial statements related to these periods are also unaudited. The results of operations for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the year ended December 31, 2021 or for any future annual or interim period. The condensed consolidated balance sheet as of December 31, 2020 included herein was derived from the audited consolidated financial statements as of that date. The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and notes thereto should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements and related notes included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020 (“2020 Form 10-K”).

 

8
 

 

GAN LIMITED

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

(in thousands, except share and per share amounts)

 

Share Exchange and Reorganization

 

On May 5, 2020, GAN Limited completed a share exchange and reorganization pursuant to a Scheme of Arrangement, whereby the shareholders of GAN plc agreed to exchange their ordinary shares on a basis of four ordinary shares to one ordinary share, for shares of GAN Limited, plus a pro rata portion of an aggregate of $2,5252,004 or 2.32 pence per share) in cash (“Share Exchange”). Immediately subsequent to the Share Exchange, the shareholders of GAN Limited held the same economic interest as they had in GAN plc prior to the Share Exchange. Holders of share options in GAN plc also received reciprocal share options as applicable, in GAN Limited. The condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared as if GAN Limited had been the parent entity for the periods presented. All share and per share amounts prior to the date of the share exchange and reorganization in these condensed consolidated financial statements have been retroactively adjusted to give effect to the Share Exchange.

 

NOTE 3 — SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

 

The Company’s significant accounting policies are included in “Note 3 – Summary of Significant Accounting Policies” of its 2020 Form 10-K. In addition to repeating some of these significant accounting policies, the Company has added certain new significant accounting policies during the nine months ended September 30, 2021, as described below.

 

Use of Estimates

 

The preparation of the condensed consolidated financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the condensed consolidated financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Due to the inherent uncertainties involved in making estimates, actual results could differ from the original estimates, and may require significant adjustments to these reported balances in the future periods.

 

Principles of Consolidation

 

The condensed consolidated financial statements include the results of the Parent and its wholly-owned subsidiaries. All intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.

 

Foreign Currency Translation and Transactions

 

The Company’s reporting currency is the U.S. Dollar while the Company’s foreign subsidiaries use their local currencies as their functional currencies. The assets and liabilities of foreign subsidiaries are translated to U.S. Dollars based on the current exchange rate prevailing at each reporting period. Revenue and expenses are translated into U.S. Dollars using the average exchange rates prevailing for each period presented. Translation adjustments that arise from translating a foreign subsidiary’s financial statements from their functional currency to U.S. Dollars are reported as a separate component of accumulated other comprehensive loss in stockholders’ equity.

 

Gains and losses arising from transactions denominated in a currency other than the functional currency are included in General and administrative expense in the condensed consolidated statements of operations as incurred. Foreign currency transaction and remeasurement gains and losses were a net gain (loss) of $(589) and $(379) for the three months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively, and $(761) and $613 for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively.

 

Risks and Uncertainties – COVID-19

 

The coronavirus disease 2019 (“COVID-19”) pandemic, which was declared a national emergency in the United States in March 2020, has significantly impacted the economic conditions and financial markets around the world. The closure of land-based casinos, social distancing, shelter-in-place, and similar restrictions implemented in response to the COVID-19 pandemic led to increases in the Company’s existing and new player activity in its online iGaming offerings as compared to historic trends, primarily at the start of the second quarter of 2020. Player activity in connection with the iGaming business has generally returned to pre-pandemic levels, or in certain cases, has increased, following the re-opening of land-based casinos and easing of local restrictions.

 

9
 

 

GAN LIMITED

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

(in thousands, except share and per share amounts)

 

While the Company’s iGaming business has proven resilient during the pandemic, uncertainties continue to exist as it relates to the magnitude of impact and duration of the COVID-19 pandemic. The ultimate impact of the pandemic on the Company’s future operating results is unknown and will depend, in part, on the length of time COVID-19 disruptions exist and the subsequent behavior of players after restrictions are fully lifted. A recurrence of COVID-19 cases or an emergence of additional variants could adversely impact the Company’s future financial results, though results from the Company’s iGaming business may partially offset any potential reduction to the Company’s sports betting transactions resulting from the suspension or cancellation of sporting events. The Company has considered the impact of COVID-19 on its accounting policies, judgments and estimates as part of the preparation of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

Management and the Board of Directors are monitoring the impacts of COVID-19 on the Company’s operations and have not identified any major operational challenges through the date of issuance of these condensed consolidated financial statements. The Company has not experienced significant impacts to its liquidity to date. COVID-19 may impact the Company’s ability to access capital to the extent it affects the U.S. capital markets. The Company has assessed the extent to which COVID-19 has impacted events after the reporting date and has not identified additional items to disclose as a result.

 

Revenue Recognition

 

Platform and Content Fees

 

The Company’s platform and content fee revenues are generated primarily from its internet gambling SaaS platform, GameSTACK, that its customers use to provide access to real money and simulated internet gaming, and online sports betting. The Company enters into hosted service agreements with its customers, that generally range from three to five years, and includes renewal provisions, under which it charges fees based on a percentage of the operator’s net gaming revenue or net sports win at the time of settlement of an event for real money gaming or at the time of purchase for in-game virtual credit for simulated gaming. The customers cannot take possession of the hosted software. Further, the Company generates revenues from the licensing of proprietary and third-party branded casino games (collectively “content licensing services”) hosted on the platform.

 

10
 

 

GAN LIMITED

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

(in thousands, except share and per share amounts)

 

In certain service agreements with SIM customers, the Company receives the fees for in-game virtual credit purchases made by end-user players and remits payment to the SIM customer for their share of the SIM revenues generated from the Company’s platform. At September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, the Company has recorded a liability of $2,107 and $2,520, respectively, for its customers’ share of the fees within Other current liabilities in the condensed consolidated balance sheets.

 

The Company’s promise to provide access to the SaaS platform and content licensing services on the hosted software is a single performance obligation. This performance obligation is recognized over time, as the Company provides services to its customer in its delivery of services to the player end user. The Company’s customers simultaneously receive and consume the benefits provided by the Company as it delivers services to its customers. The transaction price is considered variable consideration. Amounts due from the Company’s casino operator customers are generally due thirty days from the date of invoice.

 

The Company’s RMiG and SIM enterprise software platform offerings include iGaming content licensing services. The GameSTACK platform is capable of supporting, and is available to the customer, for both proprietary and third-party licensed gaming content. The customer, in this case the casino operator, generally controls the determination of which gaming content will be offered in their online casinos.

 

A customer can utilize the Company’s proprietary or licensed gaming content, or a customer can direct the Company to procure third-party gaming content on its behalf. The Company has determined it acts as the principal for providing the content licensing services when the Company controls the gaming content, and therefore presents the revenue on a gross basis in the consolidated statements of operations. When the customer directs the Company to procure third-party gaming content, the Company has determined it is deemed an agent for providing the content licensing services, and therefore, records the revenue, net of licensing costs paid to the suppliers of that gaming content, in the condensed consolidated statements of operations.

 

Gaming

 

The Company operates the B2C gaming site www.Coolbet.com outside of the U.S., which is built on proprietary software and includes the following product offerings: sportsbook, poker, casino, live casino and virtual sports.

 

The Company manages an online sportsbook allowing users to place various types of wagers on the outcome of sporting events conducted around the world. The Company operates as the bookmaker and offers fixed odds wagering on such events. When a user’s wager wins, the Company pays the user a pre-determined amount known as fixed odds. Revenue from sportsbook is reported net after deduction of player winnings and bonuses. Revenue from wagers is recognized when the outcome of the event is known.

 

The Company offers live casino through its digital online casino offering in select markets, allowing users to place a wager and play games virtually at retail casinos. The Company offers users a catalog of over 2,000 third-party iGaming products such as digital slot machines and table games such as blackjack and roulette. Revenue from casino games is reported net after deduction of winnings, jackpot contribution and customer bonuses.

 

Peer-to-peer poker offerings allow users to play poker against one another on the Company’s online poker platform for prize money. Revenue from poker is reported at rake, less tournament costs and customer bonuses.

 

In each of the online gaming products, a single performance obligation exists at the time a wager is made to operate the games and award prizes or payouts to users based on a particular outcome. Revenue is recognized at the conclusion of each contest, wager, or wagering game hand. Additionally, certain incentives given to users, for example, that allow the user to make an additional wager at a reduced price, may provide the user with a material right which gives rise to a separate performance obligation. Such user incentives are recognized as a reduction to revenue upon redemption or as revenue when the incentive expires.

 

11
 

 

GAN LIMITED

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

(in thousands, except share and per share amounts)

 

Development Services

 

Gaming Development Services

 

The Company generates revenue from fees for development of custom games for use on its RMiG and SIM platforms. The development revenue is recognized at the point in time when control of the game is transferred, typically the earlier of the customer’s acceptance or upon receipt of the certification of the game.

 

Platform Development Services

 

Platform development services consist of fees charged for initial deployment of iGaming solutions, as well as ongoing development services to provide updates to the software for enhanced functionality or customization. Development services fees for the initial deployments of the iGaming solutions are typically charged at a fixed fee. Ongoing platform development services are typically billed monthly, at a daily rate, for services performed. Revenue from platform development services is recognized over time as the Company performs the services. For development services charged at a daily rate, revenue is measured using an input method based on effort expended, which uses direct labor hours incurred. As the performance obligations in these instances relate to the provision of development services over time, this method best reflects the transfer of control as the Company performs. In contracts that require a portion of the consideration to be received in advance, at the commencement of the contract, such advance payment is initially recorded as a contract liability.

 

Computer Hardware Sales

 

The Company resells third-party hardware, such as computing servers and other technical devices, that are owned by the casino operators upon which the GameSTACK software platform is installed and accessed by its customers. Customers cannot take possession of the hosted software even when hosted on hardware that is owned by the customer or on third-party hardware. These products are not required to be purchased in order to access the GameSTACK platform but are sold as a convenience to the customer. Revenue is recognized at the point in time when control of the hardware transfers to the customer. Control is transferred after the hardware has been procured, delivered, installed at the client’s premises and configured to allow for remote access.

 

The Company has determined that it is acting as the principal in these transactions as it takes responsibility for procuring, delivering, installing and configuring the hardware at the customer’s location and takes control of the hardware, prior to transfer. Revenue is presented at the gross amount of consideration to which it is entitled from the customer in exchange for the hardware.

 

Patent Licensing Revenue

 

The Company generates revenue from time to time from the licensing of its U.S. patent, which governs the linkage of on-property reward cards to their counterpart internet gambling accounts together with bilateral transmission of reward points between the internet gambling technology system and the land-based casino management system present in all U.S. casino properties. The nature of the promise in transferring the license is to provide a right to use the patent as it exists. The Company does not have to undertake activities to change the functionality of the patent during the license period and the license has significant stand-alone functionality. Therefore, the Company recognizes the revenue from the license of the patent, at the point in time when control of the license is transferred to the customer. Control is determined to transfer at the point in time the customer is able to use and benefit from the license.

 

12
 

 

GAN LIMITED

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

(in thousands, except share and per share amounts)

 

Contracts with Multiple Performance Obligations

 

For customer contracts that have more than one performance obligation, the transaction price is allocated to the performance obligations in an amount that depicts the relative stand-alone selling prices of each performance obligation. Judgment is required in determining the stand-alone selling price for each performance obligation. In determining the allocation of the transaction price, an entity is required to maximize the use of observable inputs. When the stand-alone selling price of a good or service is not directly observable, an entity is required to estimate the stand-alone selling price. Customer contracts can include platform and content services as well as development services or hardware sales. The variable consideration is allocated entirely to the performance obligation for platform and content services as the variable consideration is allocable specifically to the delivery of the services in the period and the allocation is consistent with the allocation objective.

 

For gaming, the Company allocates a portion of the user’s wager to incentives that create material rights that are redeemed or expired in the future. The allocated revenue for gaming wagers is primarily recognized when the wagers occur because all such wagers settle immediately.

 

The Company applies a practical expedient by accounting for revenue from gaming on a portfolio basis because such wagers have similar characteristics, and the Company reasonably expects the effects on the financial statements of applying the revenue recognition guidance to the portfolio to not differ materially from that which would result if applying the guidance to an individual wagering contract.

 

Cash

 

The Company is required to maintain minimum cash balances to satisfy its liabilities to users. Such balances are included within Cash in the condensed consolidated balance sheets and are not subject to creditor claims.

 

Goodwill

 

Goodwill represents the excess of the fair value of the consideration transferred over the estimated fair values of the identifiable assets acquired and liabilities assumed on the acquisition date. As disclosed in Note 4, the Company has recorded goodwill in connection with the acquisition of Coolbet on January 1, 2021. Goodwill is not amortized, but rather is reviewed for impairment annually or more frequently if facts or circumstances indicate that the carrying value may not be recoverable.

 

The Company has determined that it has two reporting units: B2C and B2B. In its goodwill impairment testing, the Company has the option to perform a qualitative assessment to determine whether it is more-likely-than-not that the fair value of the reporting unit, including goodwill, is less than its carrying amount prior to performing the quantitative impairment test. The qualitative assessment evaluates various events and circumstances, such as macro-economic conditions, industry and market conditions, cost factors, relevant events and financial trends that may impact a reporting unit’s fair value. If it is determined that the estimated fair value of the reporting unit is more-likely-than not less than its carrying amount, including goodwill, the quantitative goodwill impairment test is required. Otherwise, no further analysis would be required.

 

If the quantitative impairment test for goodwill is deemed necessary, this quantitative impairment analysis compares the fair value of the Company’s reporting unit to its related carrying value. If the fair value of the reporting unit is less than its carrying amount, goodwill is written down to the fair value and an impairment loss is recognized. If the fair value of the reporting unit exceeds its carrying amount, no further analysis is required. Fair value of the reporting unit is determined using valuation techniques, primarily using discounted cash flow analysis.

 

13
 

 

GAN LIMITED

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

(in thousands, except share and per share amounts)

 

The Company performs its annual impairment review of goodwill as of October 1st and when events or circumstances change between annual impairment tests that may indicate that it is more-likely-than-not the fair value of a reporting unit may be below its carrying amount.

 

Long-lived Assets

 

Long-lived assets, except goodwill, consist of property and equipment, and finite lived acquired intangible assets, such as developed software, gaming licenses, trademarks, trade names and customer relationships. Intangible assets are amortized on a straight-line basis over their estimated useful lives. The Company considers the period of expected cash flows and underlying data used to measure the fair value of the intangible assets when selecting the estimated useful lives.

 

The fair value of the acquired intangible assets is primarily determined using the income approach. In performing these valuations, the Company’s key underlying assumptions used in the discounted cash flows were projected revenue, gross margin expectations and operating cost estimates. There are inherent uncertainties and management judgment is required in these valuations.

 

Acquired in-process technology consists of a proprietary technical platform. The Company reviews the in-process technology for impairment at least annually or more frequently if an event occurs creating the potential for impairment, until such time as the in-process technology efforts are completed. When completed, the developed technology will be amortized over its estimated useful life based on an amortization method that reflects the pattern in which the economic benefits of the intangible assets are consumed or otherwise realized. The technology is expected to be completed in the first half of 2022.

 

Long-lived assets, except goodwill, are reviewed for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of an asset may not be recoverable. If circumstances require a long-lived asset or asset group to be tested for possible impairment, the Company compares the undiscounted cash flows expected to be generated by that asset or asset group to their carrying amount. If the carrying amount of the long-lived asset or asset group are not recoverable on an undiscounted cash flow basis, an impairment charge is recognized to the extent that the carrying amount exceeds fair value. Fair value is determined through various techniques, such as discounted cash flow models using probability weighted estimated future cash flows and the use of valuation specialists.

 

Capitalized Software Development Costs, net

 

The Company capitalizes certain development costs related to its software platforms during the application development stage. Costs associated with preliminary project activities, training, maintenance and all other post implementation stage activities are expensed as incurred. Software development costs are capitalized when application development begins, it is probable that the project will be completed, and the software will be used as intended. The Company capitalizes certain costs related to specific upgrades and enhancements when it is probable that expenditures will result in additional functionality of the platform to its customers. The capitalization policy provides for the capitalization of certain payroll and payroll related costs for employees who spent time directly associated with development and enhancements of the software platform.

 

Capitalized software development costs are amortized on a straight-line basis over their estimated useful lives, which is generally three years, and are included within Depreciation and amortization expense in the condensed consolidated statements of operations.

 

14
 

 

GAN LIMITED

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

(in thousands, except share and per share amounts)

 

Liabilities to Users

 

The Company records liabilities for user account balances. User account balances consist of user deposits, promotional awards and user winnings less user withdrawals and user losses.

 

Share-based Compensation

 

Share-based compensation expense is recognized for stock options and restricted stock issued to employees and non-employee members of the Company’s Board of Directors based on the fair value of these awards on the date of grant. The fair value of the stock options is estimated using a Black-Scholes option pricing model and the fair value of the restricted stock (restricted stock awards and restricted stock units) is based on the market price of the Company’s stock on the date of grant. The Company’s stock options and restricted stock issued are considered equity awards and include only service conditions.

 

Share-based compensation is recorded over the requisite service period, generally defined as the vesting period. For awards with graded vesting and only service conditions, compensation cost is recorded on a straight-line basis over the requisite service period of the entire award. Forfeitures are recorded in the period in which they occur.

 

Reclassifications of Prior Period Amounts

 

Certain prior period amounts have been reclassified to conform to the current period presentation. Specifically, due to the Coolbet acquisition in 2021, the Company has reclassified certain balances that were previously presented in separate balance sheet captions to Other current assets, Other assets, Accrued expenses, Other current liabilities and Other liabilities in the condensed consolidated balance sheet as of December 31, 2020. These reclassifications had no impact on previously disclosed amounts for current assets, current liabilities, total assets and total liabilities.

 

NOTE 4 — ACQUISITION OF VINCENT GROUP P.L.C.

 

On January 1, 2021, the Company acquired all of the outstanding shares of Vincent Group p.l.c. (“Coolbet”). The business was acquired for a purchase price of $218.1 million, after the final working capital adjustment and excluding acquisition related costs. The cash portion of the purchase price was funded from proceeds received from issuance of ordinary shares in the Company’s follow-on offering in December 2020 and available cash on hand. The Company acquired Coolbet to take advantage of Coolbet’s user interface and proprietary technical platform, to quickly integrate and offer a proprietary sportsbook offering to land-based casino operators in the U.S. The Company intends to continue to operate in the U.S. solely as a B2B provider to casinos and other operators. The addition of a proprietary sports betting engine will give the Company the ability to offer a “one-stop” solution to U.S. retail casino operators, while at the same time preserving the flexibility to incorporate third-party solutions when specified. The Company expects that its technology platform and expansive library of proprietary and third-party gaming content should enable it to add additional casino gaming content and platform support for the Company’s B2C offering in Europe and Latin America. The following table summarizes the consideration transferred and the recognized amounts of identifiable assets acquired and liabilities assumed at the acquisition date:

 

Fair value of the consideration transferred:

 

         
Cash paid to Vincent Group shareholders   $ 111,168  
Restricted ordinary shares issued to Vincent Group shareholders (1)     106,683  
Replacement equity-based awards to holders of Vincent Group equity-based awards (2)     297  
Total   $ 218,148  

 

(1) The share consideration represents 5,260,516 ordinary shares issued to the Vincent Group shareholders multiplied by the Company’s share price of $20.28 on the acquisition date.

 

(2) The replacement equity-based awards consist of options to purchase 67,830 shares of the Company’s ordinary shares. In accordance with the applicable accounting guidance, the fair value of replacement equity-based awards attributable to pre-combination service is recorded as part of the consideration transferred in the acquisition, while the fair value of the replacement equity-based awards attributable to post-combination service is recorded separately from the business combination and recognized as compensation cost in the post-acquisition period over the remaining service period. The fair value of the replacement awards was estimated using the Black-Scholes option pricing model utilizing various assumptions. The vesting terms and conditions of the unvested options were replaced with terms identical to those of the original awards.

 

15
 

 

GAN LIMITED

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

(in thousands, except share and per share amounts)

 

Recognized amounts of identifiable assets acquired and liabilities assumed at fair value:

 

       
Cash   $ 18,714  
Prepaid expenses and other current assets     1,512  
Property and equipment     343  
Operating lease right-of-use assets     416  
Intangible assets     50,570  
Other assets     73  
Accounts payable     (1,182 )
Liabilities to users     (5,373 )
Other current liabilities     (1,797 )
Operating lease liabilities     (167 )
Deferred income taxes     (2,373 )
Noncurrent operating lease liabilities     (231 )
Total identifiable net assets     60,505  
Goodwill     157,643  
Total identifiable assets acquired and liabilities assumed including goodwill, net   $ 218,148  

 

Identifiable intangible assets acquired as part of the acquisition, including their respective expected useful lives, were as follows:

 

   

Estimated

useful life

(in years)

    Fair Value  
Developed technology     3     $ 29,600  
In-process developed technology           8,800  
Customer relationships     3       5,900  
Trade names and trademarks     10       5,800  
Gaming licenses     various       470  
            $ 50,570  

 

The Company accounted for the acquisition of Coolbet using the acquisition method. The acquisition is treated as a stock purchase for accounting purposes. The goodwill is primarily attributable to the expected incremental revenue and profit to be derived from the Company’s introduction of Coolbet’s sports betting engine technology and intellectual technology to B2B customers in the U.S. and the assembled workforce of Coolbet. The Company intends to offer the Coolbet sports betting engine and associated capability to existing and new customers alongside its existing platform and internet casino capability, as a complete turnkey solution or as an alternative sports betting engine to those currently relied upon by customers. Goodwill recognized in the acquisition is not deductible for tax purposes.

 

16
 

 

GAN LIMITED

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

(in thousands, except share and per share amounts)

 

The Company has not finalized its accounting for the acquisition. Further analysis of the fair values assigned to the net assets acquired and related tax impacts are ongoing. Accordingly, the purchase price allocation could change significantly.

 

In the third quarter of 2021, an adjustment to increase goodwill by $50 was made to the initial amounts recorded, which relates to additional consideration paid by the Company to the seller as part of the final working capital adjustment. Additionally, there was a net adjustment to decrease goodwill by $2,092 and increases to the values assigned to the intangible assets by $2,200, comprised of a $1,500 increase to developed technology, $400 increase to in-process developed technology and a $300 increase to customer relationships, resulting in a $108 increase to deferred tax liabilities. The changes in the value of the intangible assets resulted in an increase in amortization expense of $447 during the three months ended September 30, 2021.

 

Giving effect to these adjustments, the Company recorded a net deferred income tax liability of $2,373 related to the intangible assets recorded in the acquisition accounting. Goodwill of $159,685 was recorded at the time of acquisition and was adjusted to $157,643 in the third quarter of 2021. Goodwill arising from the acquisition has been preliminarily assigned to the Company’s B2C and B2B segments. The Company expects the B2B segment to benefit from the synergies of the combination. Following the acquisition, Coolbet’s operations are reported in the B2C segment. Refer to Note 13 for the revenue and segment results of Coolbet since the acquisition date.

 

The Company incurred total acquisition-related costs of $1,309, of which $290 were recorded during the nine months ended September 30, 2021. The remaining costs were incurred in 2020.

 

Pro Forma Operating Results

 

The operating results of Coolbet have been included in the condensed consolidated financial statements, beginning on January 1, 2021. The following unaudited pro forma information presents the consolidated financial information as if the Coolbet acquisition had occurred on January 1, 2020. The unaudited pro forma results reflect certain adjustments related to the acquisition, such as amortization expense resulting from the intangible assets acquired, share-based compensation related to unvested replacement awards and an adjustment to reflect the Company’s income tax rate. Acquisition costs of $1,309 are also included as a nonrecurring charge. Such pro forma operating results were prepared for comparative purposes only and do not purport to be indicative of what would have occurred had the acquisition been made as of January 1, 2020 or of the results that may occur in the future. 

 

    Three Months Ended
September 30, 2020
    Nine Months Ended
September 30, 2020
 
Revenue   $ 18,437     $ 47,181  
Net loss   $ (5,072 )   $ (20,393 )
Loss per share, basic and diluted   $ (0.15 )   $ (0.66 )

 

17
 

 

GAN LIMITED

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

(in thousands, except share and per share amounts)

 

NOTE 5 — CAPITALIZED SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT COSTS, NET

 

Capitalized software development costs, net at September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020 consisted of the following:

 

    September 30,
2021
   

December 31,

2020

 
Capitalized software development costs   $ 32,957     $ 26,507  
Development in progress     6,106       2,641  
Total capitalized software development costs     39,063       29,148  
Less: accumulated amortization     (24,851 )     (22,500 )
Total   $ 14,212     $ 6,648  

 

At September 30, 2021, development in progress primarily represented costs associated with new proprietary content and enhancements to the software platform, as well as integration of Coolbet’s sportsbook into the B2B platform. The new B2B sportsbook technology is expected to be placed in service in the first half of 2022.

 

Amortization expense related to capitalized software development costs was $994 and $667 for the three months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively, and $2,641 and $2,038 for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively.

 

NOTE 6 — GOODWILL AND INTANGIBLE ASSETS

 

Goodwill

 

The changes in the carrying amount of goodwill, by segment, for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 were as follows:

 

    B2B     B2C     Total  
Balance at January 1, 2021   $     $     $  
Goodwill acquired in Coolbet acquisition     67,547       92,138       159,685  
Reallocation of goodwill (1)     10,859       (10,859 )      
Measurement period adjustments (Note 4)     (1,003 )     (1,039 )     (2,042 )
Effect of foreign currency translation     (3,894 )     (4,734 )     (8,628 )
Balance at September 30, 2021   $ 73,509     $ 75,506     $ 149,015  

 

(1) During the third quarter of 2021, the preliminary allocation of goodwill was refined to allocate the goodwill between the segments based on each reporting unit’s estimated relative enterprise value, and their respective acquired assets and assumed liabilities. The acquired assets include intangible assets that are expected to be used within the Company’s B2C and B2B segments.

 

18
 

 

GAN LIMITED

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

(in thousands, except share and per share amounts)

 

Intangible Assets

 

Definite-lived intangible assets, net consisted of the following:

 

          September 30, 2021  
    Weighted Average Amortization Period     Gross Carrying Amount     Accumulated Amortization     Net Carrying Amount  
Developed technology     3.0 years     $ 28,038     $ (7,010 )   $ 21,028  
In-process technology           8,336             8,336  
Customer relationships     3.0 years       5,589       (1,397 )     4,192  
Trade names and trademarks     10.0 years       5,828       (751 )     5,077  
Gaming licenses     6.6 years       2,005       (1,117 )     888  
            $ 49,796     $ (10,275 )   $ 39,521  

 

        December 31, 2020  
    Weighted Average Amortization Period   Gross Carrying Amount     Accumulated Amortization     Net Carrying Amount  
Trade names and trademarks   3.0 years   $ 343     $ (343 )   $  
Gaming licenses   5.3 years     1,366       (898 )     468  
        $ 1,709     $ (1,241 )   $ 468  

 

In-process technology consists of a proprietary technical platform (refer to Note 4 – Acquisition of Vincent Group p.l.c.). The technology is expected to be completed and placed in service in the first half of 2022, after which it will be amortized over its estimated useful life.

 

Amortization expense related to intangible assets was $3,356 and $29 for the three months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively, and $9,319 and $97 for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively. The estimated amortization expense for the next five years is as follows: $3,007 for the remainder of 2021; $12,019 for 2022; $12,000 for 2023; $644 for 2024; $631 for 2025.

 

NOTE 7 — ACCRUED EXPENSES

 

Accrued expenses consisted of the following:

 

   

September 30,

2021

   

December 31,

2020

 
Content licensing fees   $ 2,304     $ 1,984  
Income taxes     2,794       17  
Sales taxes     1,267       756  
Other     583       606  
Total   $ 6,948     $ 3,363  

 

19
 

 

GAN LIMITED

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

(in thousands, except share and per share amounts)

 

NOTE 8 — OTHER CURRENT LIABILITIES

 

Other current liabilities consisted of the following:

 

   

September 30,

2021

   

December 31,

2020

 
Revenue share due to SIM customers   $ 2,107     $ 2,520  
Contract liabilities     586       1,083  
Operating lease liabilities     491       262  
Other     866       202  
Total   $ 4,050     $ 4,067  

 

Revenue share due to SIM customers represents the fees collected for in-game virtual credit purchases made by end-user players due to SIM casino operator customers for their share of the SIM revenues generated from the Company’s platform.

 

NOTE 9 — SHARE-BASED COMPENSATION

 

In April 2020, the Board of Directors established the GAN Limited 2020 Equity Incentive Plan (“2020 Plan”) which has been approved by the shareholders. The 2020 Plan initially provides for grants of up to 4,400,000 ordinary shares, which then increases through 2029, by the lesser of 4% of the previous year’s total outstanding ordinary shares on December 31st or as determined by the Board of Directors. Such grants may be issued as incentive stock options, nonqualified stock options, stock appreciation rights, restricted stock grants, stock units, and other equity awards for issuance to employees, consultants or non-employee directors. On January 20, 2021, the 2020 Plan provided for grants of up to 5,865,414 shares. At September 30, 2021, there were 455,910 shares available for future issuance under the 2020 Plan. Share-based awards are issued at no less than fair market value of an ordinary share on the date of grant.

 

Stock Options

 

Stock option awards are granted with an exercise price equal to the fair market value of the Company’s ordinary shares on the date of grant. Stock option awards generally vest 25% after one year and then monthly over the next 36 months thereafter and have a maximum term of ten years.

 

During the nine months ended September 30, 2021, the Board of Directors approved the issuance of options to purchase 1,730,310 ordinary shares to employees, including executives and certain long-standing employees under the 2020 Plan.

 

In addition, in accordance with the acquisition agreement, the Company issued 67,830 replacement stock option awards to continuing employees of Coolbet. The fair value of the replacement stock options will be recognized ratably over the remaining service period, ranging from one to three years.

 

20
 

 

GAN LIMITED

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

(in thousands, except share and per share amounts)

 

A summary of the stock option activity as of and for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 is as follows:

 

    Number of Shares     Weighted Average Exercise Price     Weighted Average Contractual Term     Aggregate Intrinsic Value  
Outstanding at December 31, 2020     3,061,859     $ 8.06       8.5     $ 37,410  
Granted     1,798,140       21.91                  
Exercised     (279,128 )     2.96                  
Forfeited/expired or cancelled     (311,890 )     21.28                  
Outstanding at September 30, 2021     4,268,981     $ 13.26       8.2     $ 21,757  
Options exercisable at September 30, 2021     1,943,931     $ 5.41       7.1     $ 19,631  

 

The Company recorded equity-settled share-based compensation expense related to stock options of $1,758 and $650 for the three months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively, and $4,809 and $5,095 for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively. The share-based compensation expense for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 includes $3,881 from acceleration of vesting of awards in connection with the Company’s initial public offering. At September 30, 2021, there was $20,944 of total unrecognized compensation cost related to nonvested stock options. The unrecognized compensation cost is expected to be recognized over a weighted-average period of 3.2 years.

 

The grant date fair value of each stock option grant was determined using the following weighted average assumptions:

 

             
    Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
    2021     2020  
Expected stock price volatility     61.38 %     72.64 %
Expected term (in years)     4.95       5.0  
Risk-free interest rate     0.75 %     0.33 %
Dividend yield     0 %     0 %

 

The weighted average grant date fair value of options granted was $8.00 and $12.03 for the three months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively, and $11.49 and $9.60 for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively. The fair value of each stock option award is estimated on the date of grant using the Black-Scholes option pricing model that uses the assumptions noted above. Estimating the grant date fair values for employee stock options requires management to make assumptions regarding expected volatility of the value of those underlying shares, the risk-free rate of the expected life of the stock options and the date on which share-based compensation will be settled.

 

Expected volatility is determined by reference to volatility of certain identified peer group share trading information and stock prices on the Nasdaq. The risk-free interest rate for the expected term of the option is based on the U.S. Treasury yield curve in effect at the time of grant. The expected term of the options is based on historical data and represents the period of time that options granted are expected to be outstanding.

 

21
 

 

GAN LIMITED

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

(in thousands, except share and per share amounts)

 

For the period prior to the Company’s initial public offering in May 2020, expected volatility was determined by reference to the historic volatility of GAN UK’s share price on the AIM, the London Stock Exchange. The risk-free interest rate for the expected term of the option was based on the U.K. Gilt yield curve in effect at the time of grant. The expected term of the options is based on historical data and represents the period of time that options granted are expected to be outstanding.

 

In 2020, the Company recorded a liability for social taxes and income taxes related to certain unexercised legacy options at the time of the Share Exchange. The Company accounted for the required cash payment as a cash-settled share-based compensation transaction. The related liability for the future cash payment related to employee and employer taxes on outstanding unexercised legacy options of $565 and $826 at September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively, is recorded in Accrued compensation and benefits in the condensed consolidated balance sheets. The Company recorded an expense (benefit) of $(58) and $(416) related to these options during the three months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively, and $(239) and $2,407 during the nine months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively.

 

Restricted Stock Units

 

On March 9, 2021, the Board of Directors approved the issuance of 10,358 restricted stock units to its non-employee directors. The restricted stock units vest over one year from the date of grant with 25% vesting per quarter. The value of restricted stock units is based on the market value of the Company’s ordinary shares at the date of grant. The restricted stock units were issued with a grant date fair value of $25.10 per share. During the nine months ended September 30, 2021, 7,768 restricted stock units vested and as of September 30, 2021, 2,590 restricted stock units remained outstanding. The Company recorded share-based compensation expense related to the restricted stock units of $65 and $195 for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021, respectively. At September 30, 2021, there was $65 of total unrecognized compensation cost related to nonvested restricted stock units. The remaining cost is expected to be recognized during the next three months. The total fair value of the restricted stock units that vested during the nine months ended September 30, 2021 was $195.

 

A summary of the restricted stock unit activity as of and for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 is as follows:

 

   

Number of

Shares

   

Weighted

Average

Grant Date

Fair Value

 
Outstanding at December 31, 2020         $  
Granted     10,358       25.10  
Vested     (7,768 )     25.10  
Forfeited/expired or cancelled            
Outstanding at September 30, 2021     2,590     $ 25.10  

 

Restricted Stock Awards

 

In June 2020, the Board of Directors approved the issuance of 93,680 restricted stock awards to the Chief Executive Officer and non-employee directors. The restricted stock awards vest one year from the date of grant. The value of restricted stock is based on the market value of the Company’s ordinary shares at the date of grant. The restricted stock awards were issued with a grant date fair value of $18.19 per share. The Company recorded share-based compensation expense related to the restricted stock awards of $0 and $429 for the three months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020, and $770 and $504 during the nine months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively. The total fair value of the restricted stock awards that vested during the nine months ended September 30, 2021 was $1,704.

 

22
 

 

GAN LIMITED

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

(in thousands, except share and per share amounts)

 

2020 Employee Stock Purchase Plan

 

The Board of Directors established the 2020 Employee Stock Purchase Plan, or the ESPP, which was approved by the Company’s shareholders in July 2021. The ESPP is intended to qualify under Section 423 of the U.S. Internal Revenue Service Code of 1986, as amended. The ESPP provides initially for 300,000 ordinary shares to be sold and increases on February 1, 2022 and on each subsequent February 1 through and including February 1, 2030, equal to the lesser of (i) 0.25 percent of the number of ordinary shares issued and outstanding on the immediately preceding December 31, or (ii) 100,000 ordinary shares, or (iii) such number of ordinary shares as determined by the Board of Directors.

 

The ESPP is designed to allow eligible employees to purchase ordinary shares, at quarterly intervals, with their accumulated payroll deductions. The participants are offered the option to purchase ordinary shares at a discount during a series of successive offering periods. The option purchase price may be the lower of 85% of the closing trading price per share of the Company’s ordinary shares on the first trading date of an offering period in which a participant is enrolled or 85% of the closing trading price per share on the purchase date, which will occur on the last trading day of each offering period. Currently, an offering period is defined as a three-month duration commencing on or about January, April, July and October of each year. Also, one purchase period is included within each offering period. The Company plans to commence its first offering period and first purchase period in 2022.

 

NOTE 10 — INTEREST EXPENSE, NET

 

Interest expense, net consisted of the following:

 

                         
    Three Months Ended
September 30,
    Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
    2021     2020     2021     2020  
Interest expense (1)   $     $ 2     $ 1     $ 395  
Interest income                       (3 )
Interest expense, net   $     $ 2     $ 1     $ 392  

 

(1) Interest expense includes interest on a related party loan of $385 during the nine months ended September 30, 2020. Refer to Note 15 – Related Party Transactions.

 

NOTE 11 — LOSS PER SHARE

 

Loss per share is computed by dividing net loss by the weighted average number of ordinary shares outstanding, basic and diluted, during the period.

 

Potentially dilutive securities consisting of certain stock options, nonvested restricted stock and restricted stock units were excluded from the computation of diluted weighted average ordinary shares outstanding as inclusion would be anti-dilutive, are summarized as follows:

 

                         
    Three Months Ended
September 30,
    Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
    2021     2020     2021     2020  
Stock options     4,268,981       3,146,059       4,268,981       3,146,059  
Restricted stock awards           93,680             93,680  
Restricted stock units     2,590             2,590        
Total     4,271,571       3,239,739       4,271,571       3,239,739  

 

23
 

 

GAN LIMITED

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

(in thousands, except share and per share amounts)

 

NOTE 12 — REVENUE

 

The following table reflects revenue recognized for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020 in line with the timing of transfer of services:

 

                         
    Three Months Ended
September 30,
    Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
    2021     2020     2021     2020  
Revenue recognized at a point in time   $ 22,671     $ 788     $ 64,840     $ 888  
Revenue from services delivered over time     9,590       9,478       29,891       25,371  
Total   $ 32,261     $ 10,266     $ 94,731     $ 26,259  

 

During the three months ended September 30, 2021, revenues recognized at a point in time was $22,671, of which $21,093 related to gaming revenues and $1,578 related to development services and other revenues. During the nine months ended September 30, 2021, revenues recognized at a point in time was $64,840, of which $59,387 related to gaming revenues and $5,453 related to development services and other revenues. Revenues recognized at a point in time during the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020 were related to development services and other revenues.

 

During the three months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020, one customer in the B2B segment generated revenue of $4,747 and $3,818 and represented 14.7% and 37.2% of total revenues, respectively. During the nine months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020, one customer in the B2B segment generated revenue of $12,661 and $11,826, and represented 13.4% and 45.0% of total revenues, respectively.

 

Contract and Contract-Related Liabilities

 

The Company has four types of liabilities related to contracts with customers: (i) cash consideration received in advance from customers related to development services not yet performed or hardware deliveries not yet completed, (ii) incentive program obligations, which represents the deferred allocation of revenue relating to incentives in the online gaming operations, (iii) user balances, which are funds deposited by customers before gaming play occurs and (iv) unpaid winnings and wagers contributed to jackpots. These liabilities are expected to be recognized as revenue within one year of being purchased, earned or deposited. Such liabilities are recorded in Liabilities to users and Other current liabilities in the condensed consolidated balance sheets.

 

The following table reflects contract liabilities arising from cash consideration received in advance from customers for the periods presented:

 

                         
    Three Months Ended
September 30,
    Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
    2021     2020     2021     2020  
Contract liabilities from advance customer payments, beginning of the period   $ 581     $ 1,865     $ 1,083     $ 3,023  
Contract liabilities from advance customer payments, end of the period     586       1,561       586       1,561  
Revenue recognized from amounts included in contract liabilities from advance customer payments at the beginning of the period           1,187       403       2,201  

 

24
 

 

GAN LIMITED

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

(in thousands, except share and per share amounts)

 

NOTE 13 — SEGMENT REPORTING

 

Effective January 1, 2021, the Company completed the acquisition of Coolbet (Note 4), which caused the composition of its reportable segments to change. Accordingly, the Company implemented a segment reorganization to align its segment reporting with its revised operating structure. The Company’s new reportable segments are B2B and B2C. The B2B segment develops, markets and sells instances of iSight Back Office and GameSTACK technology that incorporates comprehensive player registration, account funding and back-office accounting and management tools that enable the casino operator customers to efficiently, confidently and effectively extend their presence online in places that have permitted online real money gambling. The B2C segment includes the operations of Coolbet since the date of acquisition. Coolbet develops and operates a B2C online sports betting and casino platform that is accessible through its website in nine national markets across Northern Europe (Estonia, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden), Latin America (Chile, Ecuador and Peru) and North America (Canada).

 

The segment information has been recast to conform to the reporting structure in effect after the segment reorganization that was effective January 1, 2021. The Company has combined its previous two reportable segments, RMiG and SIM, into one reportable segment, B2B, for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020.

 

Information reported to the Company’s Chief Executive Officer, the Chief Operating Decision Maker (“CODM”), for the purpose of resource allocation and assessment of the Company’s segmental performance is primarily focused on the origination of the revenue streams. The CODM evaluates performance and allocates resources based on the segment’s revenue and gross profit. Segment gross profit represents the gross profit earned by each segment without allocation of each segment’s share of depreciation and amortization expense, sales and marketing expense, product and technology expense, general and administrative expense, interest costs and income taxes.

 

Summarized financial information by reportable segments for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020 is as follows:

 

                                     
    Three Months Ended September 30,  
    2021     2020  
    B2B     B2C     Total     B2B     B2C     Total  
Revenue   $ 11,168     $ 21,093     $ 32,261     $ 10,266     $     $ 10,266  
Cost of revenue(1)     3,583       7,218       10,801       3,083             3,083  
Segment gross profit   $ 7,585     $ 13,875     $ 21,460     $ 7,183     $     $ 7,183  

 

(1) Excludes depreciation and amortization

 

                                     
    Nine Months Ended September 30,  
    2021     2020  
    B2B     B2C     Total     B2B     B2C     Total  
Revenue   $ 35,344     $ 59,387     $ 94,731     $ 26,259     $     $ 26,259  
Cost of revenue(1)     8,632       21,244       29,876       6,898             6,898  
Segment gross profit   $ 26,712     $ 38,143     $ 64,855     $ 19,361     $     $ 19,361  

 

(1) Excludes depreciation and amortization

 

25
 

 

GAN LIMITED

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

(in thousands, except share and per share amounts)

 

The following table presents a reconciliation of segment gross profit to consolidated loss before income taxes for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020:

 

                         
    Three Months Ended
September 30,
    Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
    2021     2020     2021     2020  
Segment gross profit (1)   $ 21,460     $ 7,183     $ 64,855     $ 19,361  
Sales and marketing     5,657       1,277       15,238       3,782  
Product and technology     4,634       1,896       13,539       8,093  
General and administrative (1)     12,895       6,120       35,232       16,297  
Depreciation and amortization     4,646       804       12,758       2,373  
Interest expense, net           2       1       392  
Loss before income taxes   $ (6,372 )   $ (2,916 )   $ (11,913 )   $ (11,576 )

 

(1) Excludes depreciation and amortization

 

Assets and liabilities are not separately analyzed or reported to the CODM and are not used to assist in decisions surrounding resource allocation and assessment of segment performance. As such, an analysis of segment assets and liabilities has not been included in this financial information.

 

The following table disaggregates total revenue by product and services for each segment:

 

    Three Months Ended
September 30,
    Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
    2021     2020     2021     2020  
B2B:                        
Platform and content fees   $ 8,743     $ 6,914     $ 27,252     $ 19,269  
Development services and other     2,425       3,352       8,092       6,990  
Total B2B revenue   $ 11,168     $ 10,266     $ 35,344     $ 26,259  
                                 
B2C:                                
Sportsbook   $ 7,886     $     $ 27,794     $  
Casino     12,323             29,306        
Poker     884             2,287        
Total B2C revenue   $ 21,093     $     $ 59,387     $  
Total revenue   $ 32,261     $ 10,266     $ 94,731     $ 26,259  

 

Revenue by location of the customer for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020 was as follows:

 

                         
    Three Months Ended
September 30,
    Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
    2021     2020     2021     2020  
United States   $ 9,100     $ 8,662     $ 29,181     $ 21,957  
Europe     11,598       1,594       36,855       4,272  
Latin America     9,854             23,711        
Rest of the world     1,709       10       4,984       30  
Total   $ 32,261     $ 10,266     $ 94,731     $ 26,259  

 

26
 

 

GAN LIMITED

NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

(in thousands, except share and per share amounts)

 

NOTE 14 — INCOME TAXES

 

The provision for income taxes for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020 consisted of the following:

 

    Three Months Ended
September 30,
    Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
    2021     2020     2021     2020  
Domestic (Bermuda)   $     $     $     $  
Foreign (Non-Bermuda)     1,548       (3 )     3,201       312  
Total   $ 1,548     $ (3 )   $ 3,201     $ 312  

 

The Company’s effective income tax rate was (24.3)% and 0.1% for the three months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively, and (26.9)% and (2.7)% for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively. The Company uses an estimated annual effective tax rate to determine the quarterly income tax provision, which is adjusted each quarter based on information available at the end of that quarter.

 

The difference between the statutory tax rate of 0% in Bermuda, the Company’s country of domicile, and the effective income tax rate for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021 was due primarily to a mix of earnings in foreign jurisdictions that are subject to current tax.

 

NOTE 15 — RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS

 

In connection with the Share Exchange and Reorganization disclosed in Note 2, the Company arranged funding of the cash consideration of the Share Exchange through a loan facility provided by the Parent’s chief executive officer and his father. The loan facility provided for a minimum interest charge of £300, and any funds borrowed thereunder would have been unsecured and borne interest at 15% per annum. Such facility was available for a term of six months. Ultimately, the facility was not used, and the cash consideration of the Share Exchange was paid from the Company’s operating cash. The minimum interest charge of $385 (or £300) was paid in May 2020 and recorded in Interest expense, net, in the condensed consolidated statement of operations during the nine months ended September 30, 2020.

 

NOTE 16 — COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES

 

Legal Proceedings

 

The Company may be subject to legal actions and claims arising from contracts or other matters from time to time in the ordinary course of business. Management is not aware of any pending or threatened litigation, which are considered other than routine legal proceedings. The Company believes the ultimate disposition or resolution of its routine legal proceedings will not have a material adverse effect on its financial position, results of operations or liquidity.

 

27
 

 

Content Licensing Agreements

 

In the second quarter of 2021, the Company entered into Content Licensing Agreements (the “Agreements”) with two third-party gambling content providers (“Content Providers”) specializing in developing and licensing interactive games. The Agreements grant the Company exclusive rights to use and distribute the online gaming content in North America. Each of the Content Providers is committed to developing a minimum number of games for the Company’s exclusive use over the five-year term, subject to extensions, of the respective Agreement. In exchange, the Company is required to pay fixed fees, totaling $48.5 million, of which $8.5 million were due upon execution of the Agreements, and the remaining fixed fees are paid systematically over the initial five-year terms. Additional payments could be required if the Company’s total revenue generated from the licensed content exceed certain stipulated thresholds. Under the terms of the Agreements, the Content Providers are to remit the cash flows from the online gambling content with its existing customers to the Company during the exclusivity period.

 

The Agreements provide that the games software will reside and be deployed from the suppliers’ remote gaming servers. Although the Company could run the games software on its platform, the Company does not have the contractual right to take possession of the software and ownership of the software does not transfer to the Company. The Company is accounting for the respective hosting arrangements as service contracts. The Company expects to have access to the available gaming content on the remote gaming servers in the fourth quarter of 2021. Total fixed service fees under the Agreements, net of payments received from the Content Providers, will be expensed ratably over the term of the Agreements commencing upon initial access to the remote gaming servers. Any variable payments required upon reaching certain revenue milestones to the Content Providers will be expensed in the period incurred.

 

As of September 30, 2021, the Company has recorded prepaid service fees of $8.5 million in Other assets in the condensed consolidated balance sheet.

 

The Company expects to make fixed payments of $8.0 million in the fourth quarter of 2021 and $8.0 million in each of the years 2022 through 2025.

 

28
 

 

Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

 

The following management’s discussion and analysis of financial condition and results of operations should be read in conjunction with the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements, related notes, and other financial information appearing elsewhere in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and the consolidated financial statements and related notes included in our 2020 Form 10-K as supplemented in our Current Report on Form 8-K filed with the SEC on August 20, 2021.

 

Forward-Looking Statements

 

This section and other parts of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contain forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. These forward-looking statements reflect our current expectations and views of future events based on certain assumptions, and include any statement that does not directly relate to a historical fact. For example, statements in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q may include the potential impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on our business and operations, the expected timing of government approvals or opening of new regulated markets for online gaming, our financial guidance and expectations or targets for our operations, anticipated revenue growth or operating synergies related to our acquisition of Vincent Group p.l.c., a Malta public limited company doing business as “Coolbet”, and expectations about our ability to effectively execute our business strategy and expansion goals. These forward-looking statements can be identified by words or phrases such as “may,” “will,” “expect,” “should,” “anticipate,” “aim,” “estimate,” “intend,” “plan,” “believe,” “is/are likely to,” or other similar expressions.

 

Although we believe that we have a reasonable basis for each forward-looking statement, forward-looking statements are not guarantees of future performance and our actual results could differ significantly from the results discussed or implied in these forward-looking statements. Factors that might cause such differences are described in “Item 1A. Risk Factors” in our 2020 Form 10-K.

 

All forward-looking statements attributable to us or persons acting on our behalf are expressly qualified in their entirety by these cautionary statements. These forward-looking statements speak only as of the date on which they are made. We do not assume any obligation to update these forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except as required by law.

 

Overview

 

GAN Limited was incorporated and registered in Bermuda in 2020. GAN plc, our previous parent company, began its operations in the U.K. in 2002. In May 2020, pursuant to a statutory Scheme of Arrangement, the shareholders of GAN plc exchanged their shares in GAN plc for shares in GAN Limited, thereby migrating the Company’s jurisdiction of organization from the U.K. to Bermuda. Pursuant to that Scheme of Arrangement, GAN Limited became the parent company of GAN plc. GAN plc was thereafter renamed GAN (UK) Limited (“GAN UK”). At the same time we completed our U.S. initial public offering under which we sold an aggregate of 7,337,000 ordinary shares for net proceeds of $57.4 million. In December 2020, we conducted a follow-on offering under which we sold 6,790,956 ordinary shares and raised net proceeds of $98.5 million.

 

Effective January 1, 2021, the acquisition of Coolbet, caused the composition of our reportable segments to change. Our new reportable segments are B2B and B2C.

 

The B2B segment develops, markets and sells instances of iSight Back Office and GameSTACK technology that incorporates comprehensive player registration, account funding and back-office accounting and management tools that enable the casino operator customers to efficiently, confidently and effectively extend their presence online in places that have permitted RMiG. In 2021, we won three prestigious industry awards from EGR North America – Best Freeplay Gaming Supplier, Best Full-Service Platform Provider and Best White Label Partner of the Year – in recognition of our expertise and commitment for delivering industry-leading gaming solutions to land-based casinos.

 

29
 

 

The B2C segment includes the operations of Coolbet since the date of acquisition. Coolbet develops and operates an online sports betting and casino platform that is accessible through its website in nine national markets across Northern Europe (Estonia, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden), Latin America (Chile, Ecuador, and Peru) and North America (Canada). In 2021, Coolbet won two prestigious awards at the International Gaming Awards in London - Mobile Sports Product of the Year and Innovator of the Year - in recognition of our significant impact in the mobile sports betting industry.

 

Our net loss was $7.9 million and $2.9 million for the three months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively, and $15.1 million and $11.9 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively. Our results of operations for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021 includes the financial results of Coolbet for the entire period, and accordingly, are not directly comparable to our condensed consolidated results of operations for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020.

 

In January 2021 we simultaneously launched three operator customers in the state of Michigan as it opened its market to real money iGaming (“RMiG”). Subsequently, we expanded our footprint into additional states and have launched our iGaming solutions in Tennessee, Colorado and Arizona. We further launched our iGaming solution in Connecticut in October 2021, and anticipate that additional states such as Louisiana and Maryland will allow for the operation of RMiG during 2021, which would further increase our total addressable market in the United States, along with other states that may regulate RMiG in the future.

 

To meet this demand and serve our growing number of U.S. casino operator clients, we continue to invest in our software engineering capabilities and expand our operational support. The largest drivers of our operating costs generally relate to investments in talent (having increased our global headcount from 440 at January 1, 2021, inclusive of Coolbet employees, to 639 at September 30, 2021), technology and corporate infrastructure, as well as increased marketing spend with a focus on increasing and retaining B2C end-users.

 

We believe that our current technology is highly scalable and can support the launch of our product offerings for new customers and in new jurisdictions. We expect to improve our profitability through increased revenues from:

 

  organic growth of our existing casino operators,
  expansion into newly regulated jurisdictions with existing and new customers,
  margin expansion driven by the integration of Coolbet’s sports betting technology in our B2B product offerings,
  revenue and margin expansion from the roll-out of our Super RGS content offering to B2C operators who are not already clients, and
  organic growth of our B2C business in existing and new jurisdictions.

 

We hold a strategic U.S. patent, which governs the linkage of on-property reward cards to their counterpart internet gambling accounts together with bilateral transmission of reward points between the internet gambling technology system and the land-based casino management system present in all U.S. casino properties. In February 2021, we reached an agreement to license our U.S. patent to a second major U.S. casino operator group and we may license our patent to other major U.S. internet gambling operators in the future.

 

30
 

 

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

 

Our condensed consolidated financial statements are prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP. Application of these principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the condensed consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes. We base our estimates on historical experience and on various other assumptions that we believe to be reasonable under current circumstances. These assumptions form the basis for our judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities that are not readily available from independent, objective sources. We evaluate our estimates on an ongoing basis. Use of alternative assumptions may have resulted in significantly different estimates. Actual results may differ from these estimates.

 

During the nine months ended September 30, 2021, there were no material changes to our accounting policies that we believe are critical to an understanding of financial condition and results of operations. Our critical accounting policies are disclosed in our “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” included in our 2020 Form 10-K, and have been updated below as a result of our Coolbet acquisition on January 1, 2021.

 

Business Combinations

 

We account for business combinations in accordance with ASC 805, Business Combinations. This standard requires the acquiring entity in a business combination to recognize all (and only) the assets acquired and liabilities assumed in the transaction and establishes the acquisition-date fair value as the measurement objective for all assets acquired and liabilities assumed in a business combination.

 

Determining the fair value of assets acquired and liabilities assumed requires management judgment and often involves the use of significant estimates and assumptions with respect to the timing and amounts of future cash inflows and outflows, discount rates, market prices and asset lives, among other items. These estimates are based on information obtained from management of the acquired company and historical experience and are generally made with the assistance of an independent valuation firm. These estimates can include, but are not limited to, the cash flows that an asset is expected to generate in the future, and the cost savings expected to be derived from acquiring an asset. Any changes in the underlying assumptions can impact the estimates of fair value by material amounts, which can in turn materially impact our results of operations. These estimates are inherently uncertain and unpredictable, and, if different estimates were used, the purchase price for the acquisition could be allocated to the acquired assets and liabilities differently from the allocation that we have made. In addition, unanticipated events and circumstances may occur which affect the accuracy or validity of such estimates, and, if such events occur, we may be required to record a charge against the value ascribed to an acquired asset or an increase in the amounts recorded for assumed liabilities.

 

If the subsequent actual results and updated projections of the underlying business activity change compared with the assumptions and projections used to develop these fair values, we may have to record impairment charges in the future. In addition, we have estimated the useful lives of certain acquired assets, and these lives are used to compute depreciation and amortization expense. If our estimates of the useful lives change, depreciation and amortization expense may be required to be accelerated or decelerated.

 

Goodwill

 

Goodwill is reviewed for impairment annually during the fourth quarter, or more frequently if indicators of impairment exist. A significant amount of judgment is involved in determining if an indicator of goodwill impairment has occurred. Such indicators may include, among others: a significant decline in expected future cash flows; a significant adverse change in legal factors or in the business climate; unanticipated competition; and the testing for recoverability of a significant asset group within a reporting unit. Our goodwill impairment analysis also includes a comparison of the aggregate estimated fair value of all reporting units to our total market capitalization. Therefore, our shares may trade below our book value and a significant and sustained decline in our share price and market capitalization could result in goodwill impairment charges. Any adverse change in these factors could have a significant impact on the recoverability of these assets and could have a material impact on our condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

31
 

 

Goodwill impairment testing involves a comparison of the estimated fair value of a reporting unit to its respective carrying amount, which may be performed utilizing either a qualitative or quantitative assessment. A reporting unit is defined as an operating segment or one level below an operating segment. The qualitative assessment evaluates various events and circumstances, such as macro-economic conditions, industry and market conditions, cost factors, relevant events and financial trends that may impact a reporting unit’s fair value. If it is determined that the estimated fair value of the reporting unit is more-likely-than-not less than the carrying amount, including goodwill, a quantitative assessment is required. Otherwise, no further analysis is necessary.

 

In a quantitative assessment, the fair value of a reporting unit is determined and then compared to its carrying value. A reporting unit’s fair value is determined based upon consideration of various valuation methodologies, including the income approach, which utilizes projected future cash flows discounted at rates commensurate with the risks involved, and multiples of current and future earnings. If the fair value of a reporting unit is less than its carrying value, a goodwill impairment charge is recognized for the amount by which the carrying amount exceeds the reporting unit’s fair value; however, the loss recognized cannot exceed the total amount of goodwill allocated to that reporting unit.

 

The income approach used to test our reporting units includes the projection of estimated operating results and cash flows, discounted using a weighted-average cost of capital (“WACC”) that reflects current market conditions appropriate to each reporting unit. Those projections involve management’s best estimates of economic and market conditions over the projected period, including growth rates in revenues and costs and best estimates of future expected changes in operating margins and cash expenditures. Other significant assumptions and estimates used in the income approach include terminal value growth rates, future estimates of capital expenditures and changes in future working capital requirements. In addition, the WACC utilized to discount estimated future cash flows is sensitive to changes in interest rates and other market rates in place at the time the assessment is performed. Future changes in our estimates or assumptions or in interest rates could have a significant impact on the estimated fair value of reporting units and result in a goodwill impairment charge that could be material to our condensed consolidated financial statements.

 

Long-Lived Assets

 

Long-lived assets, such as capitalized software for internal use, property and equipment, and definite-lived intangible assets, are reviewed for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the related carrying amounts may not be recoverable. In assessing long-lived assets for impairment, assets are grouped with other assets and liabilities at the lowest level for which identifiable cash flows are largely independent of the cash flows of other assets and liabilities. If circumstances require a long-lived asset or asset group to be tested for possible impairment, we compare the undiscounted cash flows expected to be generated by that asset or asset group to its carrying amount. If the carrying amount of the long-lived asset or asset group is not recoverable on an undiscounted cash flow basis, an impairment charge is recognized to the extent that the carrying amount exceeds its fair value. Fair value is determined through various techniques, such as discounted cash flow models using probability weighted estimated future cash flows and the use of valuation specialists.

 

Consolidated Results of Operations

 

On January 1, 2021, we completed our acquisition of Coolbet which was accounted for as a business combination under ASC 805, Business Combinations. The following discussion of our results of operations for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021 includes the financial results of Coolbet for the entire period, and accordingly, are not directly comparable to our condensed consolidated results of operations for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020. For that reason, we have included a discussion of our quarterly results for the three months ended September 30, 2021 compared to the immediately preceding three months ended June 30, 2021. Our B2B segment results for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020 are comprised of our legacy business operations prior to the acquisition of Coolbet.

 

32
 

 

Three Months Ended September 30, 2021 Compared to Three Months Ended June 30, 2021

 

The following table sets forth our consolidated results of operations for the periods indicated:

 

    Three Months Ended     Change  
    September 30,
2021
    June 30,
2021
    Amount     Percent  
(dollars in thousands)                        
Revenue   $ 32,261     $ 34,628     $ (2,367 )     (6.8 )%
Operating costs and expenses                                
Cost of revenue(1)     10,801       10,356       445       4.3 %
Sales and marketing     5,657       5,480       177       3.2 %
Product and technology     4,634       4,055       579       14.3 %
General and administrative (1)     12,895       12,326       569       4.6 %
Depreciation and amortization     4,646       4,149       497       12.0 %
Total operating costs and expenses     38,633       36,366       2,267       6.2 %
Operating loss     (6,372 )     (1,738 )     (4,634 )     n.m.  
Interest expense, net                       %
Loss before income taxes     (6,372 )     (1,738 )     (4,634 )     n.m.  
Income tax expense     1,548       992       556       56.0 %
Net loss   $ (7,920 )   $ (2,730 )   $ (5,190 )     n.m.  

 

(1) Excludes depreciation and amortization

n.m. = not meaningful

 

Geographic Information

 

The following table sets forth our consolidated revenue by geographic region, for the periods indicated:

 

    Three Months Ended     Percentage of Revenue     Change  
    September 30,
2021
    June 30,
2021
    September 30,
2021
    June 30,
2021
    Amount     Percent  
(dollars in thousands)                                    
United States   $                9,100     $        8,608                        28.2 %             24.9 %   $ 492       5.7 %
Europe     11,598       14,193       36.0 %     41.0 %     (2,595 )     (18.3 )%
Latin America     9,854       10,254       30.5 %     29.6 %     (400 )     (3.9 )%
Rest of the world     1,709       1,573       5.3 %     4.5 %     136       8.6 %
Total revenue   $ 32,261     $ 34,628       100.0 %     100.0 %   $ (2,367 )     (6.8 )%

 

Revenue

 

Revenue decreased $2.4 million primarily due to decreased revenue of $2.9 million within the B2C segment as a result of decreased margins in our sportsbook revenue stream. Despite an increase in the number of active players, B2C segment revenues decreased due to lower sports margins from sporting event results which were less favorable to the Company during the third quarter, as compared to the prior period. The decrease was partially offset by a $0.5 million increase in revenue within the B2B segment, driven primarily by new hardware sales of $1.5 million during the third quarter, offset by decreases in platform and content fee revenue and development service revenue of $0.6 million and $0.4 million, respectively.

 

33
 

 

On a geographic basis, revenue decreased across our larger international markets primarily due to decreased margins from our sportsbook products within the B2C segment as event results were less favorable during the third quarter as compared to the prior period. The increase in revenue in the United States as compared to the prior period was primarily the result of hardware sales within the B2B segment during the third quarter.

 

Cost of Revenue

 

Cost of revenue increased $0.4 million due to a $1.3 million increase in the cost of revenue within the B2B segment, primarily driven by $1.1 million associated with hardware sales during the third quarter, partially offset by a $0.8 million decrease in the cost of revenue within the B2C segment attributable to lower gaming duties and processing fees.

 

Sales and Marketing

 

Sales and marketing expense increased $0.2 million primarily due to a $0.3 million increase in marketing and advertising costs within the B2C segment as we continue to expand our footprint within new and existing international markets.

 

Product and Technology

 

Product and technology expense increased $0.6 million primarily related to the hiring of developers to meet increased demand for our technology by new and existing customers, coupled with a lower rate of capitalization during the third quarter with respect to our product and technology costs and developer salaries, as compared to the prior period.

 

General and Administrative

 

General and administrative expense increased $0.6 million primarily attributable to unfavorable foreign currency effects of $0.5 million, as well as increased office-related expenses of $0.4 million due to the opening of new offices in Miami and the United Kingdom and expansion of our existing offices in Nevada and Estonia. These increases were partially offset by decreased costs, including lower professional service fees of $0.4 million due to audit, accounting and tax consulting service fees primarily related to the Coolbet acquisition that did not recur during the third quarter.

 

Depreciation and amortization

 

Depreciation and amortization expense increased $0.5 million primarily due to increases to the values assigned to the intangible assets recognized in the acquisition of Coolbet in the third quarter of 2021.

 

Income Tax Expense

 

We recorded income tax expense of $1.5 million for the three months ended September 30, 2021, reflecting an effective tax rate of (24.3)%, compared to $1.0 million for the three months ended June 30, 2021, reflecting an effective tax rate of (57.1)%. The difference between the statutory tax rate of 0% in Bermuda, our country of domicile, and the effective income tax rate for the three months ended September 30, 2021 and June 30, 2021 was due primarily to a mix of earnings in foreign jurisdictions that are subject to current tax.

 

34
 

 

Nine Months Ended September 30, 2021 Compared to Nine Months Ended September 30, 2020

 

The following table sets forth our consolidated results of operations for the periods indicated:

 

   

Nine Months Ended

September 30,

    Change  
    2021     2020     Amount     Percent  
(dollars in thousands)                        
Revenue   $ 94,731     $ 26,259     $ 68,472       n.m.  
Operating costs and expenses                                
Cost of revenue (1)     29,876       6,898       22,978       n.m.  
Sales and marketing     15,238       3,782       11,456       n.m.  
Product and technology     13,539       8,093       5,446       67.3 %
General and administrative (1)     35,232       16,297       18,935       n.m.  
Depreciation and amortization     12,758       2,373       10,385       n.m.  
Total operating costs and expenses     106,643       37,443       69,200       n.m.  
Operating loss     (11,912 )     (11,184 )     (728 )     (6.5 )%
Interest expense, net     1       392       (391 )     (99.7 )%
Loss before income taxes     (11,913 )     (11,576 )     (337 )     (2.9 )%
Income tax expense     3,201       312       2,889       n.m.  
Net loss   $ (15,114 )   $ (11,888 )   $ (3,226 )     (27.1 )%

 

(1) Excludes depreciation and amortization

n.m. = not meaningful

 

Geographic Information

 

The following table sets forth our revenues by geographic region for the periods indicated:

 

    Nine Months Ended September 30,     Percentage of Revenue     Change  
    2021     2020     2021     2020     Amount     Percent  
(dollars in thousands)                                    
United States   $ 29,181     $ 21,957       30.8 %     83.6 %   $ 7,224       32.9 %
Europe     36,855       4,272       38.9 %     16.3 %     32,583       n.m.  
Latin America     23,711             25.0 %     %     23,711       n.m.  
Rest of the world     4,984       30       5.3 %     0.1 %     4,954       n.m.  
Total revenue   $ 94,731     $ 26,259       100.0 %     100.0 %   $ 68,472       n.m.  

 

n.m. = not meaningful

 

Revenue

 

Revenue increased $68.5 million compared to the prior year period, primarily due to the inclusion of Coolbet within our results which resulted in $59.4 million of revenue recognized within the B2C segment during the nine months ended September 30, 2021. The remaining increase of $9.1 million within the B2B segment was primarily a result of organic growth, increased customer launches inclusive of new US RMiG customers and jurisdictions which contributed $4.5 million, and patent licensing of $3.0 million, partially offset by a decrease in development revenue of $1.9 million primarily due to decreases associated with FanDuel’s migration to their own player wallets in 2020.

 

35
 

 

Revenue increased across each of our geographies during the nine months ended September 30, 2021 as compared to the prior year period. Revenue from the United States increased $7.2 million, driven primarily by patent licensing revenue of $3.0 million, expanded legalization of RMiG and sports betting in additional U.S. states, and our launch of iGaming solutions for new and existing customers in those jurisdictions, the most significant of which was Michigan in January 2021. Revenue from customers in Europe increased $32.6 million primarily due to the inclusion of B2C revenue in Northern Europe of $31.2 million and increased B2B revenue from Italy of $1.9 million, partially offset by a decrease of $0.3 million in game development revenues. Following the closing of our acquisition of Coolbet in January 2021, our revenue footprint expanded into Latin America with additional revenues in North America (Canada).

 

Cost of Revenue

 

Cost of revenue increased $23.0 million compared to the prior period, primarily due to the inclusion of Coolbet within our results which resulted in $21.2 million of cost of revenue recognized within the B2C segment during the nine months ended September 30, 2021. The remaining increase of $1.7 million within the B2B segment was primarily due to increased content license fees in line with the increase in related revenue.

 

Sales and Marketing

 

Sales and marketing expense increased $11.5 million compared to the prior period, primarily due to the inclusion of Coolbet within our results which resulted in $10.2 million of sales and marketing expense recognized during the nine months ended September 30, 2021. The remaining $1.3 million increase in sales and marketing expense was driven by an increase in personnel costs due to increased headcount within our sales and marketing functions, with a focus on increasing customers in new and existing jurisdictions.

 

Product and Technology

 

Product and technology expense increased $5.4 million compared to the prior period, of which $12.4 million related to higher salaries and related employee costs as we continued to increase our development and related capabilities through the hiring of developers to meet higher demand for our technology by new and existing customers. This increase was offset by higher capitalized development costs of $5.6 million, which is reflective of an increased rate of capitalization during the nine months ended September 30, 2021 when compared to the prior year period. The above increase of $6.8 million, net of capitalized costs, was offset by a decrease of $2.5 million in share-based compensation expenses for employees within our product and technology functions compared to the prior year period, primarily related to our initial public offering in May 2020. The remaining increase of $1.1 million was primarily attributable to the inclusion of Coolbet within our results ($0.9 million) for the first time following the acquisition in January 2021.

 

General and Administrative

 

General and administrative expense increased $18.9 million compared to the prior year period, primarily due to the inclusion of Coolbet within our results which resulted in $12.0 million of general and administrative expense recognized during the nine months ended September 30, 2021. The remaining $6.9 million increase was primarily attributable to (i) increased professional services related to Coolbet integration projects and related corporate infrastructure of $3.7 million, (ii) increased personnel and related costs (excluding share-based compensation) of $2.2 million as we grew our headcount in functions such as management, legal, compliance, human resources, and finance which resulted in a higher headcount, on average, by more than 50% within our general and administrative functions during the nine months ended September 30, 2021 compared to the prior year period (iii) unfavorable foreign currency effects of $1.4 million, (iv) higher corporate insurance costs of $1.1 million and (v) higher technology costs of $0.8 million in support of our continued growth. The increase was partially offset by $2.8 million of expenses incurred during the prior year period related to our initial public offering that did not recur during the nine months ended September 30, 2021.

 

36
 

 

Within our operating expense, share-based compensation and related expenses across sales and marketing, product and technology, and general and administrative decreased $3.3 million during the nine months ended September 30, 2021 compared to the nine months ended September 30, 2020, primarily due to expenses of $7.1 million recognized during the nine months ended September 30, 2020 in relation to (i) the acceleration of vesting of outstanding grants at the time of our initial public filing in May 2020 of $3.9 million and (ii) the recognition of cash-settled share-based compensation expense in relation to taxes associated with U.K. options during the same period of $3.2 million (as compared to a benefit $0.2 million in the current year period).

 

Depreciation and Amortization

 

Depreciation and amortization expense increased $10.4 million compared to the prior year period, including $9.2 million in amortization expense from intangible assets recognized in the acquisition of Coolbet.

 

Income Tax Expense

 

We recorded income tax expense of $3.2 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2021, reflecting an effective tax rate (26.9)%, compared to $0.3 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2020, reflecting an effective tax rate of (2.7)%. The difference between the statutory tax rate of 0% in Bermuda, our country of domicile, and the effective income tax rate for the nine months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020, was due primarily to a mix of earnings in foreign jurisdictions that are subject to current tax.

 

Segment Operating Results

 

We report our operating results by segment in accordance with the “management approach.” The management approach designates the internal reporting used by our chief operating decision maker, who is our Chief Executive Officer, for making decisions and assessing performance of our reportable segments.

 

Three Months Ended September 30, 2021 Compared to Three Months Ended June 30, 2021

 

The following table sets forth our segment results for the periods indicated:

 

    Three Months Ended     Percentage of Segment Revenue     Change  
    September 30,
2021
    June 30,
2021
    September 30,
2021
    June 30,
2021
    Amount     Percent  
(dollars in thousands)                                    
B2B                                                
Revenue   $                11,168     $       10,646                        100.0 %           100.0 %   $ 522       4.9 %
Cost of revenue(1)     3,583       2,307       32.1 %     21.7 %     1,276       55.3 %
B2B segment gross profit   $ 7,585     $ 8,339       67.9 %     78.3 %   $ (754 )     (9.0 )%
B2C                                                
Revenue   $ 21,093     $ 23,982       100.0 %     100.0 %   $ (2,889 )     (12.0 )%
Cost of revenue(1)     7,218       8,049       34.2 %     33.6 %     (831 )     (10.3 )%
B2C segment gross profit   $ 13,875     $ 15,933       65.8 %     66.4 %   $ (2,058 )     (12.9 )%

 

(1) Excludes depreciation and amortization

 

B2B Segment

 

B2B revenue increased $0.5 million primarily due to new hardware sales of $1.5 million during the third quarter offset by decreases in platform and content fee revenue and development service revenue of $0.6 million and $0.4 million, respectively.

 

37
 

 

B2B cost of revenue increased $1.3 million primarily due to $1.1 million of hardware costs associated with new hardware sales during the third quarter.

 

The B2B segment gross profit margin, which excludes depreciation and amortization, decreased $0.8 million from the second quarter, primarily as a result of decreased platform and content fee revenue driven by lower seasonal performance in Italy as compared to the prior period. These decreases were combined with decreased development service revenue compared to the prior period due to the volume and size of RMiG and SIM casino launches for new customers and in new jurisdictions for our existing customers, as compared to the second quarter.

 

B2C Segment

 

B2C revenue decreased $2.9 million primarily due to a $4.9 million decrease in sportsbook revenue resulting from decreased sportsbook margins. Despite an increase in the number of active players, B2C segment revenues decreased due to a decrease in sports margins from sporting event results which were less favorable to the Company during the third quarter compared to the prior period. The decrease was partially offset by organic growth in B2C’s casino and poker revenue streams of $2.0 million.

 

B2C cost of revenue decreased $0.8 million primarily due to lower gaming duties and processing fees of $0.7 million resulting from duties incurred at a lower rate in tiered jurisdictions and lower processing fees which vary across our geographic markets and are dependent on the volume of player deposits and withdrawals.

 

The B2C segment gross profit, which excludes depreciation and amortization, decreased by $2.1 million primarily due to the decrease in sports margins during the third quarter of 2021.

 

Nine Months Ended September 30, 2021 Compared to Nine Months Ended September 30, 2020

 

The following table sets forth our segment results for the periods indicated:

 

    Nine Months Ended
September 30,
    Percentage of Segment Revenue     Change  
    2021     2020     2021     2020     Amount     Percent  
(dollars in thousands)                                    
B2B                                                
Revenue   $ 35,344     $ 26,259       100.0 %     100.0 %   $ 9,085       34.6 %
Cost of revenue(1)     8,632       6,898       24.4 %     26.3 %     1,734       25.1 %
B2B segment gross profit   $ 26,712     $ 19,361       75.6 %     73.7 %   $ 7,351       38.0 %
B2C                                                
Revenue   $ 59,387     $       100.0 %     —  %   $ 59,387       n.m.  
Cost of revenue(1)     21,244             35.8 %     —  %     21,244       n.m.  
B2C segment gross profit   $ 38,143     $       64.2 %     —  %   $ 38,143       n.m.  

 

(1) Excludes depreciation and amortization

n.m. = not meaningful

 

B2B Segment

 

B2B revenue increased $9.1 million primarily due to an increase in platform and content fee revenue of $8.0 million, which increased from $19.3 million during the nine months ended September 30, 2020 to $27.3 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2021. Of this increase, new RMiG jurisdictions in the United States and new casino operator customers since January 1, 2021 contributed $4.5 million during the nine months ended September 30, 2021, the majority of which was derived in Michigan following the launch of RMiG in January 2021. Simulated gaming revenue within the B2B segment increased $2.3 million as compared to the prior year period.

 

38
 

 

Additionally, B2B development services and other revenue increased $1.1 million, of which $3.0 million was attributable to patent licensing fee revenue recognized during the nine months ended September 30, 2021. The increase was partially offset by a decrease in development revenue of $1.9 million primarily as a result of FanDuel’s migration to its own player wallet platform in 2020.

 

B2B cost of revenue increased $1.7 million primarily due to an increase in content licensing and processing fees of $2.5 million driven by the increase in related revenue, partially offset by decreases in other costs, primarily gaming duties and related expenses of $0.5 million which were incurred during the nine months ended September 30, 2020 associated with the online casino product offering we previously operated in the U.K. until September 2020, and lower costs of hardware sales of $0.2 million compared to the prior year period.

 

Segment gross profit margin for B2B, which excludes depreciation and amortization, increased by $7.4 million primarily as a result of higher revenues attributable to organic growth in the business and patent licensing.

 

B2C Segment

 

Segment gross profit for B2C, which excludes depreciation and amortization, was $38.1 million, or 64.2% as a percentage of segment revenue, for the nine months ended September 30, 2021. Prior year revenue and costs of revenue are not included in our financial results due to the timing of the Coolbet acquisition, which closed January 1, 2021.

 

Non-GAAP Financial Measures

 

Adjusted EBITDA

 

Our management uses the non-GAAP measure Adjusted EBITDA to measure its financial performance. Specifically, it uses Adjusted EBITDA (1) as a measure to compare our operating performance from period to period, as it removes the effect of items not directly resulting from our core operations, and (2) as a means of assessing our core business performance against others in the industry, because it eliminates some of the effects that are generated by differences in capital structure, depreciation, tax effects and unusual and infrequent events.

 

We define Adjusted EBITDA as net income (loss) before interest expense (income), net, income taxes, depreciation and amortization, impairments, share-based compensation expense and related expense, initial public offering related costs and other items which our Board of Directors considers to be infrequent or unusual in nature. The presentation of Adjusted EBITDA is not intended to be used in isolation or as a substitute for any measure prepared in accordance with U.S. GAAP and Adjusted EBITDA may exclude financial information that some investors may consider important in evaluating our performance. Because Adjusted EBITDA is not a U.S. GAAP measure, the way we define Adjusted EBITDA may not be comparable to similarly titled measures used by other companies in the industry.

 

39
 

 

Below is a reconciliation of Adjusted EBITDA to net loss, the most comparable U.S. GAAP measure, as presented in the condensed consolidated statements of operations for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020:

 

    Three Months Ended
September 30,
    Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
    2021     2020     2021     2020  
(in thousands)                        
Net loss   $ (7,920 )   $ (2,913 )   $ (15,114 )   $ (11,888 )
Income tax expense (benefit)     1,548       (3 )     3,201       312  
Interest expense, net           2       1       392  
Depreciation and amortization     4,646       804       12,758       2,373  
Share-based compensation and related expense     1,765       737       5,535       8,794  
Initial public offering transaction related                       2,831  
Tax related provisions           939             939  
Adjusted EBITDA   $ 39     $ (434 )   $ 6,381     $ 3,753  

 

Key Performance Indicators

 

Our management uses the following key performance indicators (“KPIs”) in reviewing trends and results of the business. These KPIs give our management an indication of the level of engagement between the player and our platforms. No estimation is necessary in quantifying these KPIs, nor do they represent U.S. GAAP measures. These KPIs are subject to various risks such as customer concentration, competition, licensing and regulation, and macroeconomic conditions. Refer to “Item 1A. Risk Factors” in our 2020 Form 10-K for further risks associated with our business which would affect these KPIs.

 

    Three Months Ended
September 30,
    Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
    2021     2020     2021     2020  
B2B Gross Operator Revenue (in millions)   $ 214.8     $ 142.3     $ 650.5     $ 413.3  
B2B Active Player-Days (in millions)     9.0       7.5       27.6       22.1  
B2B Average Revenue per Daily Active User   $ 24.00     $ 18.93     $ 23.60     $ 18.67  
B2C Active Customers     198,884       N/A       306,259       N/A  
B2C Marketing Spend Ratio     15 %     N/A       14 %     N/A  

 

B2B Gross Operator Revenue

 

We define B2B Gross Operator Revenue as the sum of our B2B corporate customers’ gross revenue from SIM, gross gaming revenue from RMiG, and gross sports win from real money regulated sports betting. B2B Gross Operator Revenue, which is not comparable to financial information presented in conformity with U.S. GAAP, gives management and users of our financial statements an indication of the extent of transactions processed through our B2B corporate customers’ platforms and allows management to understand the extent of activity that the Company’s platform is processing.

 

The increase in gross operator revenue for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021, as compared to the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020, was driven primarily by expanded legalization of RMiG and sports betting in additional U.S. states and our launch of RMiG solutions for new and existing customers in those jurisdictions, the most significant of which was Michigan in January 2021. Additional increases in Europe of RMiG and SIM were driven by organic growth from new and existing customers.

 

40
 

 

B2B Active Player-Days

 

We define B2B Active Player-Days as unique individuals who log on and wager each day (either wagering with real money or playing with virtual credits used in SIM), aggregated during the respective period. By way of illustrative example: one (1) unique individual logging in and wagering each day in a single calendar year would, in aggregate, represent 365 B2B Active Player-Days. B2B Active Player-Days provides an indicator of consistent and daily interaction that individuals have with our platforms. B2B Active Player-Days allows management and users to understand not only total users who interact with the platform but gives an idea of the frequency to which users are interacting with the platform, as someone who logs on and wagers multiple days are weighted heavier during the period than the user who only logs on and wagers one day.

 

The increase in B2B Active Player-Days for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021, as compared to the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020, was primarily attributable to the continued expansion of our existing customers into new states upon legislation (for example Michigan in January 2021), as well as new customers launched.

 

B2B Average Revenue per Daily Active User

 

We define B2B Average Revenue per Daily Active User (“ARPDAU”) as B2B Gross Operator Revenue divided by the identified number of B2B Active Player-Days. This metric allows management to measure the value per daily user and track user interaction with the platforms, which helps both management and users of financial statements understand the value per user that is driven by marketing efforts and data analysis obtained from our platforms.

 

The increase in B2B ARPDAU in the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021, as compared to the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020, was primarily the result of a larger proportion of revenue coming from higher-yield product offerings such as U.S. RMiG, as compared to lower-yield revenue streams such as our SIM product offerings.

 

B2C Active Customers

 

We define B2C Active Customers as a user that places a wager during the period. This metric allows management to monitor the customer segmentation, growth drivers, and ultimately creates opportunities to identify and add value to the user experience. This metric allows management and users of the financial statements to measure the platform traffic and track related trends.

 

B2C Marketing Spend Ratio

 

We define B2C Marketing Spend Ratio as the total B2C direct marketing expense for the period divided by the total B2C revenues. This metric allows management to measure the success of marketing costs during a given period. Additionally, this metric allows management to compare across jurisdictions and other subsets, as an additional indication of return on marketing investment.

 

41
 

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

We have primarily funded our operations through cash generated from operations and cash on hand. In May 2020, we completed our U.S. initial public offering under which we sold an aggregate of 7,337,000 ordinary shares for net proceeds of $57.4 million and in December 2020, we conducted a follow-on offering under which we sold 6,790,956 ordinary shares for net proceeds of $98.5 million. In January 2021, we completed the acquisition of Coolbet for a purchase price of $218.1 million, including the issuance of 5,260,516 ordinary shares, replacement equity-based awards valued at $0.3 million and cash of $111.2 million, which was funded from the follow-on offering proceeds and available cash on hand.

 

Our primary source of liquidity for our working capital is cash flows generated from operations and our cash on hand of $50.3 million at September 30, 2021. Our primary uses of cash include funding our ongoing working capital needs, content licensing discussed below, developing and maintaining our proprietary software platforms and acquiring property and equipment.

 

During the nine months ended September 30, 2021, we entered into Content Licensing Agreements (the “Agreements”) with two third-party gambling content providers specializing in developing and licensing interactive games. The Agreements grant us exclusive rights to use and distribute the online gaming content in North America. Each of the content providers is committed to developing a minimum number of games for our exclusive use over the five-year term, subject to extensions, of the respective Agreement. In exchange, we are required to pay fixed fees, totaling $48.5 million, of which $8.5 million were due upon execution of the Agreements, and the remaining fixed fees are paid systematically over the initial five-year terms. Additional payments could be required if our total revenue generated from the licensed content exceed certain stipulated thresholds.

 

We expect our capital expenditures to continue to increase in the immediate future, as we seek to expand our business through organic growth and potential business acquisitions. Specifically, the key elements of our growth strategy include, but are not limited to, the expansion of our gaming content on our platform, primarily through the Agreements, our anticipated launch of the B2B sportsbook technology solution in North America in the first half of 2022, the continued integration of Coolbet’s sports betting technology and international B2C operations, the launch of regulated gaming in new U.S. states and potential business acquisitions.

 

The execution of our growth strategy will require significant capital expenditures estimated at $17.2 million to $20.5 million to be spent through December 2022. We expect to continue investing in our products and technologies as we seek to scale our business.

 

We believe cash generated from operations and cash on hand will be sufficient to meet our working capital and capital expenditure requirements for at least the next twelve months. We may also seek to enhance our competitive position through additional complementary acquisitions in both existing and new markets. Therefore, from time to time, we may access the equity or debt markets to raise additional funds to finance potential acquisitions.

 

To the extent that our current resources, including our ability to generate operating cash flows, are insufficient to satisfy our cash requirements, we may seek additional equity or debt financing. Our ability to do so depends on prevailing economic conditions and other factors, many of which are beyond our control.

 

We do not currently have any credit facilities or similar debt arrangements in place and cannot provide any assurance as to the availability or terms of any future financing that we may require to support our operations. If the needed financing is not available, or if the terms of financing are less desirable than we expect, we may be forced to decrease our level of investment in new products and technologies, discontinue further expansion of our business, or scale back our existing operations, any of which could have an adverse impact on our business and financial prospects.

 

Cash Flow Analysis

 

A summary of our operating, investing and financing activities is shown in the following table:

 

   

Nine Months Ended

September 30,

    Change  
(dollars in thousands)   2021     2020     Amount     Percent  
Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities   $ 3,360     $ (3,835 )   $ 7,195       n.m.  
Net cash used in investing activities     (104,640 )     (3,684 )     (100,956 )     n.m.  
Net cash provided by financing activities     141       55,329       (55,188 )     (99.7 )%
Effect of foreign exchange rates on cash     (1,210 )     (489 )     (721 )     n.m.  
Net increase (decrease) in cash   $ (102,349 )   $ 47,321     $ (149,670 )     n.m.  

 

n.m. = not meaningful        

 

Operating Activities

 

Net cash provided by (used in) operating activities increased $7.2 million primarily resulting from a decrease in net loss (after adjustments to reconcile net loss to cash flows from operations) of $7.8 million. The increase in net cash provided by operating activities was partially offset by an unfavorable change in operating assets and liabilities, primarily due to payments totaling $8.5 million to third-party gambling content providers for the rights to use and distribute their online gaming content in North America.

 

Investing Activities

 

Net cash used in investing activities increased $101.0 million primarily as a result of $92.5 million cash paid for the acquisition of Coolbet, net of cash acquired and a $7.7 million increase in spend for capitalized software development costs primarily related to $5.3 million invested in relation to new customer launches, product enhancements, and new features, and $2.4 million for the B2B sportsbook technology solution in North America.

 

Financing Activities

 

Net cash provided by financing activities decreased by $55.2 million primarily due to $57.4 million in proceeds from our U.S. initial public offering in May 2020 that did not recur during the nine months ended September 30, 2021, and a decrease in cash proceeds on the exercise of employee share options of $1.4 million. The decrease was partially offset by decreased payments of offering costs of $1.1 million and cash consideration paid to the previous shareholders of GAN plc pursuant to the May 2020 Scheme of Arrangement of $2.5 million.

 

42
 

 

Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk

 

As a smaller reporting company, we are not required to provide the information required by this Item.

 

Item 4. Controls and Procedures

 

Disclosure Controls and Procedures